By Dirk Geeraerts
Cognitive Linguistics has given an enormous impetus to the examine of semantics and the lexicon. the current quantity brings jointly seventeen formerly released papers that testify to the fruitfulness of Cognitive Linguistics for the learn of lexical and semantic subject matters. Spanning the interval from the overdue Nineteen Eighties to fresh years, the gathering incorporates a variety of papers that could be thought of classics in the box of cognitive linguistic lexicology.
The papers are grouped in thematic sections. the 1st part offers with prototypicality as a theoretical and functional version of semantic description. the second one part discusses polysemy and standards for distinguishing among meanings. The 3rd part tackles questions of which means description past the extent of phrases, at the point of idioms and structures. the next part casts the internet even wider, facing the cultural elements of that means. relocating clear of the theoretical and descriptive standpoint in the direction of utilized matters, the 5th part seems at lexicography from the viewpoint of Cognitive Linguistics. the ultimate part has a metatheoretical orientation: it discusses the heritage and technique of lexical semantics.
Each paper is preceded by means of a newly written creation that situates the textual content opposed to the interval during which it used to be first released, yet that still issues to extra advancements, within the author's personal examine or in Cognitive Linguistics at huge. the diversity of subject matters handled make this e-book an exceptional advent to the vast box of lexicological and lexical semantic examine.
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Extra info for Words and other wonders: papers on lexical and semantic topics
In particular, in the statement that there is no principled distinction between semantic and encyclopedic information, the words semantic and encyclopedic are not used (as implied by Lehmann 1988b) in the senses 'as may be found in dictionaries' and 'as may be found in encyclopedias', respectively. Rather, the rejected distinction refers to an alleged distinction within an individual language user's conceptual memory; it involves the presupposition that there is an independent level of semantic information that belongs to the language and that is distinct from the individual's world knowledge.
33 Het gansch leger der Turken was vernietigd! (Conscience, Gesch. v. Belgie 352, 1845). [The entire army of the Turks was destroyed! 1 Syntagmatically, we not only see that both words can be used by the same author in the same context without noticeable differences, as in (1), (2), (8) and (9), but also that the range of application of each word can be divided into three identical major groups, which can moreover be subdivided along parallel lines. There is a set of applications in which the words are used with regard to concrete, material objects (1, 2, 3); a set in which they are used with regard to abstract objects (4, 5), and a set in which they are used with regard to persons (6, 7, 8, 9).
In actual fact, however, natural language categorization is not only determined by the state of affairs in the sciences, but also by the communicative and cognitive requirements of the linguistic community in its own right. One of Putnam's own examples may serve as an illustration. Although science has discovered that jade refers to two kinds of materials (one with the 'hidden structure' of a silicate of calcium and magnesium, the other being a silicate of sodium and aluminium), ordinary usage continues to refer to both substances indiscriminately as jade.