By Genoveva Puskás
Hungarian word-order is characterised by means of huge scale preposing of elements to sentence-initial positions. This research examines systematically the weather which happen within the left outer edge. Focal, wh- and detrimental operators that have scope over the total sentence needs to look within the left outer edge brazenly; topicalized parts precede the scope operators and seem in an geared up method in addition. the writer proposes that the constitution of the Hungarian sentence contains a wealthy set of left-peripheral sensible projections, geared up into sub-systems, just like the Scope field and the Topic field. at the foundation of the constitution of Hungarian, the examine proposes to contemplate those sub-systems as being in flip break up, that's hierarchically geared up into particular practical projections.
The examine additionally examines the well-formedness stipulations associated with a number of preposing. it really is proven that a few of the well-formedness standards observe brazenly in Hungarian. this allows to make an instantaneous hyperlink among the scope homes of affective operators and the articulated constitution of the left outer edge.
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Additional resources for Word Order in Hungarian: The syntax of Ā-positions
What did John see? b. *John saw what? In (58a), did appears in C0 and what occupies the specifier position. This movement is obligatory, as attested by the ungrammaticality of (58b). Chinese, on the other hand, does not have overt wh-movement: 5. See Sportiche (1992) for a proposal which extends the criterion approach discussed here to clitics. Sportiche proposes that clitics are heads which must appear in a Spec–Head configuration with an XP endowed with a feature ‘specificity’. As clitics are not relevant to this study, I will not discuss this proposal in detail.
6). 3 discusses n-words. It is argued that similarly to Italian n-words (Zanuttini 1991, 1997b), Hungarian n-words are negative universal quantifiers. The section also discusses the application of the -criterion. I propose that it is always satisfied by a null operator, and that the surface positions of n-words follow from other requirements. 4, I discuss Negative Concord (NC) in Hungarian. The various positions in which the n-words can appear are all involved in NC. I argue that n-words enter into NC as they are able to undergo absorption via -chains.
Semmit sem látott Zeta. ’ Senkit sem ZETA nem ismer. ’ Although sentences like (21a) seem to show that sem-phrases occur in SpecFP, the co-occurrence of a sem-phrase and of a focused constituent, as in (21b) argues against this. I will argue that like is-phrases, sem-phrases target a higher specifier position in the Scope field. Negative extraction also reveals a parallel between different elements in the Scope field: (22) a. SENKIT nem hiszem hogy látott nobody- think--1 that see--3 Emöke.