By Board on Agriculture, National Research Council
The U.S. produces 25 consistent with cent of the world's wooden output, and wooden helps a big section of the U.S. commercial base. bushes offer fiber, resins, oils, pulp, foodstuff, paper, prescribed drugs, gasoline, many items utilized in domestic development, and various different items. using wooden as a uncooked fabric needs to reflect on construction efficiencies and normal source conservation in addition to effective, ecocnomic use of reliable wooden, its residues, and by-products. to higher check using wooden as a uncooked fabric, the U.S. division of Agriculture's wooded area provider requested the nationwide study Council's Board on Agriculture to assemble specialists to check the analytical innovations used to persist with the life-cycle of wooden creation - from tree to product - and verify the environmental affects. This ensuing publication offers a base of present wisdom, determining what info are missing, the place destiny efforts could be centred, and what's recognized in regards to the methodologies used to evaluate environmental affects. The publication additionally specializes in nationwide and foreign efforts to improve built-in environmental, fiscal, and effort accounting methodologies.
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Additional info for Wood in Our Future: Proceedings of a Symposium : Environmental Implications of Wood As a Raw Material for Industrial Use
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved. html EUROPEAN ASSESSMENT METHODOLOGIES 43 There are 20 raw materials, including fossil gas, oil, aluminum, and copper, for which such an index is defined. There are 14 chemicals that can be emitted to the air or to water and for which such an index is defined. Among them are CO2, ethene, and SO2. There are four types of land use that can be assessed. The index is based on a number of so-called safeguard subjects: • • • • • biodiversity; human health; production; resources; and aesthetic values.
The completion of its studies very nearly coincided with the start of a major petroleum shortage in the United States and with the initiation of many studies of energy supply. The information supplied by the commission was an important part of the relevant data base for the studies that came after. CORRIM After a review of the work of the National Commission on Materials Policy, the Science and Technology Policy Office (STPO), in support of the science adviser to the president, determined that the various studies of materials supply, while recognizing that wood was important, did not focus on it sufficiently.
Html COMMITTEE ON RENEWABLE RESOURCES FOR INDUSTRIAL MATERIALS 21 • means for exploiting existing scientific knowledge in the supply, use, recovery, and disposal of materials and for encouraging further research and education; • means for enhancing coordination and cooperation among federal departments and agencies in materials use to best serve the national materials policy; • the feasibility and desirability of establishing computer inventories of national and international materials requirements, supplies, and alternatives; and • assignment of continuing responsibility for the implementation of the national materials policy to specific federal agencies.