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Extra info for Wittgenstein and contemporary theories of language : papers read at the French-Norwegian seminar in Skjolden, 23-26 May 1992

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31. PI, § 199. 32. PG, p. 50. 43 been shown to be the very anchoring point for human language. 33 Only by having a sufficient mastery of the manifold of practices making up a language can one be said to understand the particular rules that could be abstracted from them. This understanding is furthermore not primarily of an intellectual kind. The grasp that the mastery of a particular concept gives us of something can only adequately be expressed by being practised. It is our application or practice that shows how we understand something.

Consequently we shall have to distinguish between that type of intransitive understanding which in general is attached to the application of concepts and the one that isa function of the logical character of the rule or concept itself. There exists a kind of family resemblance between these two types of intransitive understanding, but they have different sources and are thus different in kind. This remark is to be found in a manuscript that has been published in two different books, On Certainty and, Remarks on Colour.

The alternative is a kind of understanding that is expressed in acting in concrete cases. That is why Wittgenstein in the following paragraph concludes that "hence also "following a rule" is a practice". This is the end of a series of logico-grammatical remarks concerning rule-following behaviour that is aimed at showing at least three interdependent and far-reaching conclusions about how language and world are related. The first one has to do with the rejection of the name-object model for mental predicates, exemplified here by the term "understanding".

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