Download Upton Sinclair: The Lithuanian Jungle--Upon the Centenary of by Giedrius Subacius PDF

By Giedrius Subacius

In his mythical novel The Jungle (1905 and 1906), Upton Sinclair integrated a conspicuous variety of Lithuanian phrases, words and surnames. This quantity is the 1st try to examine points of Lithuanian linguistic and old info from The Jungle. Sinclair came upon the Lithuanian language in Chicago and explored it with excitement. He even confessed to having sang in Lithuanian. if you happen to search for "a Lithuanian linguist" operating in field-research stipulations in Chicago's again of the Yards-there is Upton Sinclair! The publication pursuits Sinclair's explanations for selecting Lithuanian characters, his resources and his paintings equipment in "field-research" stipulations in Chicago. a few real-life individuals-Lithuanian name-donors for the protagonists of The Jungle-are awarded during this quantity. convinced info of the turn-of-the-century Chicago depicted within the Jungle also are revealed-for instance, the saloon the place the particular Lithuanian marriage ceremony dinner party happened and its proprietor. This quantity is of curiosity to American literary historians, sociolinguists, language historians, and people attracted to the historical past of Lithuanian immigration to the US and the immigrant adventure in Chicago.

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Extra info for Upton Sinclair: The Lithuanian Jungle--Upon the Centenary of The Jungle (1905 and 1906) by Upton Sinclair (On the Boundary of Two Worlds: Identity, ... Freedom, & Moral Imagination in the Baltics)

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2. Orthography Certain observations can be made about the orthographical peculiarities of the Lithuanian language that Sinclair used. At that time the Lithuanian standard was still in transition to a more or less stable orthography. S. 1. and In 1904 in Chicago and in other North American Lithuanian newspapers a double orthography reigned: most texts were being published with the then less prestigious traditional digraphs and denoting the sounds [tch] and [sh] respectively (newspaper orthography), while more prestigious texts were published with the letters carrying diacritics in the shape of a caron (haček; wedge)—<č> and <š> instead (these diacritics were borrowings from the Czech alphabet).

However, Sinclair spelled two surnames—Grajczunas 1, 12 and Kuszlejka 4—with different digraphs, and , containing as the second component. This was the traditional way of spelling, borrowed from Polish orthography during the 1840s and 1850s in Lithuania (cf. Subačius, 1991, 58–59). Until the 1880s or even the 1890s, Lithuanian texts contained certain digraphs with the second letter . But by 1904 no Lithuanian newspaper used the spelling . e. with the diphthongs and : Graiczunas (Katalikas, 10 Nov.

10—2); in chapter eleven—3 (10). In chapters twelve to thirty-five and in the conclusion Sinclair did not use any new Lithuanian words at all. It seems that Sinclair ceased using new Lithuanian words at the end of the sixth chapter (with the exception of chapter eleven). It could be presumed that Sinclair stopped introducing new words but continued to use the 69 unique words more or less consistently throughout the novel. Such a presumption, however, is misleading. The data shown in Table 1 (cf.

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