By Charles J-h Macdonald
Till lately the folks of Kulbi-Kenipaqan lived at the fringes of the trendy global following conventional customs and ideology, working towards transferring agriculture, and major an outwardly peaceable lifestyles in a distant nook of Palawan island. but this small group, primarily indistinguishable in society and tradition from its speedy friends to the north, has one of many maximum premiums of suicide on the earth. Why might the relatively chuffed and well-off population of Kulbi fall sufferer to melancholy? Uncultural habit investigates the secret of self-inflicted dying between this nonviolent and orderly humans within the Southern Philippines. To make feel of this sort of phenomenon, Charles Macdonald probes the ideals, customs, and normal disposition of this Palawan humans, exploring how they stay, imagine, behave, and relate to each other. Early chapters learn staff formation and the spatialization of social ties, fabric tradition, marriage, and legislation, offering an intensive ethnographic account of the Kulbi lifestyle. the writer bargains insights into the non secular international of the group and addresses the neighborhood conception of feelings and the phrases that offer the vocabulary and idiom of indigenous commentaries on suicide. A well-documented case research of a suicide and its aftermath offers readers an concept of the way Kulbi humans deal with suicide and their conflicting perspectives at the topic. Following an research of statistical details, the writer offers 5 "profiles," bringing jointly motivations, actors, and conditions. He concludes by way of interpreting the views of neurobiology and genetics in addition to psychology, sociology, and heritage. in line with fieldwork spanning 3 many years, Uncultural habit offers a brand new examine the phenomenon of suicide that might be of curiosity to Philippinists, Asianists, social anthropologists considering comparative and theoretical matters, ethno-psychologists, and all scholars of suicidal habit.
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Extra resources for Uncultural Behavior: An Anthropological Investigation of Suicide in the Southern Philippines (Monographs of the Center for Southeast Asian Studies, Kyoto University, English-Language Series)
The local settlement (rurungan) is an important social unit primarily based on kinship but expanding into a sociopolitical entity centered on the leadership of an elder. ” It is a very flexible entity, and its spatial reality varies through time while taking several forms. A tentative typology made on the basis of my 1989 survey results in four main types, as seen in figure 3. Type 1 would correspond to one large (15 or more households), self-contained community with one elder at the center. Temehilug, with 17 houses and Ulapu the elder as its center, is a good example.
Lilibuten The story of Lilibuten, which I followed from 1976 to 2001, when the group moved to Beheg, reveals a cohesive, albeit complex, social group whose leader and most conspicuous figure was Tuking. Tuking, who died in 1995, was the last of the great shamans, a healer and arbiter in customary law whose authority and leadership was widely recognized in the whole of the Kulbi area and beyond. The nature of such leadership, both from a political and an ideological point of view, must be understood in the context of the Palawan native culture, which is strictly egalitarian, almost never uses force, and holds on to strong but basically secular moral values.
Another core group around old Pitu, who was related to Twakal and Bungkur, together with Pitu’s three married daughters, was part of the rurungan, plus another female relative and her married daughter. Figure 4 displays the genealogical connections. Figure 4 shows the underlying structure of this local settlement, with several sets of in-marrying men interlocking with each other in a chainlike manner, from the bottom generational level to the apex, Twakal and Pitu. In this scheme of things, the elder married males do not follow the uxorilocal rule anymore.