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By Christopher L. Pallas (auth.)

Transnational civil society is usually obvious as a big contributor to the democratization of worldwide governance. of their engagement with the area financial institution, even if, transnational civil society companies prioritize pre-existing challenge over responsiveness to claimed stakeholders and undercut the authority of constructing state governments.

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Extra info for Transnational Civil Society and the World Bank: Investigating Civil Society’s Potential to Democratize Global Governance

Sample text

In this context, a CSO’s legitimacy should be judged purely on outputs. On the one hand, representation, participation, and transparency are meaningless if national democracy is not established. CSOs themselves might be internally democratic, but internal democracy will not succeed in obtaining democratic rights or protections for the country’s citizens. On the other hand, if liberal democracy is established, new legal or constitutional standards will be developed to govern representation and protect rights.

Wendt 1995). Constructivists and others contested the dominant materialist perspectives in international relations which depicted state power as the predominant explanation for international events and decisions. The influence of civil society and the existence of transnational networks were important proof that states were no longer the sole legitimate focus of study. TCS’s power to create norms and influence policy indicated a locus of power outside the state and a means of power other than material dominance.

This chapter divides the concept of democratic legitimacy into three parts: input (such as grassroots participation), throughput (such as transparency), and output (mainly impacts). As will be shown, the relative 23 24 Transnational Civil Society and the World Bank importance of TCS’s input, throughput, or output varies in different political contexts. TCS’s legitimacy is judged based on the contributions of the TCSOs involved in any given activity to the aspects of democracy most necessary in the political context in which they are acting.

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