By Lakshmi Subramanian
3 retailers of Bombay is the tale of 3 intrepid retailers who traded out of Bombay within the 19th century—Tarwady Arjunjee, Jamsetjee Jeejeebhoy and Premchand Roychand—founding pioneering enterprise empires in accordance with exchange in cotton and opium. Set opposed to the backdrop of world and native economies present process swift and unexpected switch, those tales stand as a microcosm for the background of indigenous capitalism in western India.
In this succinct and lucid account, Lakshmi Subramanian strains that heritage and locates it within the higher narrative of the industrial improvement of India, South Asia and the area.
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22 There were two basic themes in the discussions of this period. One was counter-insurgency; the other was preparation to fight a foreign invasion, in case the war in Indochina spilled over the border. 23 To combat foreign invasion, commanders discussed the feasibility of introducing the “people’s war” doctrine. However, the people’s war could also be used in counter-insurgency operations. To prepare for the transition to people’s war, a delegation led by Lieutenant Colonel Thura Tun Tin was sent to Switzerland, Yugoslavia, Czechoslovakia, and East Germany in July 1964 to study the organizational structure, armaments, training, territorial organization, and strategy of people’s militias.
They also exploit the changing international situation. In essence, the insurgents are waging a protracted war based on guerrilla warfare … They operate by relying on people’s support. It is evident that villages are becoming insurgent strongholds and hideouts. They infiltrate villages and breed hardcore cadres. Through these hardcore cadres they control the villages. Then in the next stage, these villages are turned into base areas. 39 The officer further said that insurgents gained the element of surprise, had better intelligence, relied on maintaining a high tempo in manoeuvres, and applied mobile defence.
We will always face the insurgents having the upper hand in operations. It is necessary to step up organisational activities in villages. 18 In the process of formulating a new military doctrine in 1964, the General Staff Office’s report spelt out the three potential enemies and laid out recommendations on strategy. The potential opponents were: internal insurgents, historical enemies with roughly an equal strength, and enemies with greater strength. 19 The report recommended: In suppressing insurgencies, the Tatmadaw should be trained to conduct long-range penetration with a tactic of continuous search and destroy.