By Andrea Scozzari, Elissavet Dotsika
This ebook specializes in clinical and technological elements of groundwater-resources overview and surveillance. It describes appropriate hazards and investigates chosen options for the tracking and mitigation of the individuated threats to groundwater caliber. The authors talk about the ideas of groundwater-resources defense and supply examples of either geogenic and anthropogenic degradation of groundwater caliber, resembling heavy metals from mining actions and ordinary water-rock interactions, in addition to danger of infection because of geological CO2 garage practices and so forth. the amount additionally covers non-invasive tracking concepts and in brief addresses leading edge sensor applied sciences for the web evaluate of water caliber. additionally, the position performed through geochemical innovations, the possibility of environmental isotopes and the help supplied via actual modelling are highlighted. The chapters advisor the reader via a variety of viewpoints, based on the varied disciplines concerned, with out aiming to be exhaustive, yet in its place opting for consultant issues for his or her relevance within the context of groundwater defense and control.
This ebook can be of curiosity to complicated scholars, researchers, policy-makers and stakeholders at a variety of levels.
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Extra info for Threats to the Quality of Groundwater Resources: Prevention and Control
Moreover, based on the expected scenarios of global climate change and degradation of surface water bodies, it is predictable that the claim for this resource will increase in the future. In this framework, the protection of groundwater is unavoidable, in order to guarantee safe water supplying for the next generations. Hence, the appropriate knowledge of physical and chemical aspects of the aquifer systems becomes more and more a necessary prerequisite in order to face the several issues involved with the protection of groundwater, implying the necessity to develop robust conceptual hydrogeological models.
S. S. environmental protection agency World health organization 1 Introduction Due to climate change and the necessity for reducing greenhouse gases within the atmosphere the possibility of geological CO2 storage or carbon dioxide capture and storage (CCS), also known as sequestration, is under worldwide investigation, especially in the last decade. CCS and other subsurface activities like hydro-fracking, unconventional gas exploitation as well as geothermal energy production or enhanced oil recovery (EOR) have an impact on the geological underground and the groundwater within the aquifers.
EPA (1987) Guidelines for delineation of wellhead protection areas. Office of Groundwater Protection, EPA-Washington, Reprinted in 1993 as EPA 440/5-93-001, 212 pp 12. DVGW (1995) Guidelines on drinking water protection areas – part 1: groundwater protection areas. Code of practice W 101, 23 pp. (in German) 13. USGS (1998) Estimating areas contributing recharge to wells. US Geological Survey Circular 1174, Denver, 14 pp. gov/ogw/pubs/Circ1174/. Accessed 6 Feb 2015 14. European Communities (2000) Directive 2000/60/CE of the European Parliament and of the council of 23 October 2000 establishing a framework for community action in the field of water policy.