Download The Syntax of Spanish (Cambridge Syntax Guides) by Karen Zagona PDF

By Karen Zagona

This transparent and well-organized e-book is an creation to Spanish syntax that assumes no earlier wisdom of present idea. Following a descriptive evaluate of the main features of the grammar, it describes evidence approximately Spanish, comparable to its be aware order, notions of "subject", "direct object", "auxiliary verb" etc... The ebook combines conventional grammatical description with views received from fresh examine within the rules and Parameters framework. It additionally offers worthy theoretical techniques akin to semantic roles, Case, and Predication.

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The Conditional is still a grammatically [+PAST] counterpart of the “modal present” of probability: (94) Estarían trabajando en ese momento. pl. work-prt. ” The Conditional also behaves like a grammatical [+PAST] with respect to sequence-of-tense: 34 The syntax of Spanish (95) a. Te prestarían el coche si lo necesitaras. pl. sg. ” b. *Te prestarían el coche si lo necesitas. pl. pl. ” In (95b), the Conditional is incompatible with the present tense if-clause. 46 To refer to past time in counterfactual Conditionals, the compound perfect is required: (96) Te habrían prestado el coche si lo hubieras necesitado.

You(formal)” A comprehensive summary of NPIs and NPI triggers is given in Bosque (1980). Overview of the grammar (57) 25 a. Cantaron ellos. pl. ” b. Cantaron. pl. The overt subject pronouns in (56) are always strongly stressed. It is generally assumed that the richness of morphological agreement allows the content of the pronoun to be recovered, making the overt pronoun unnecessary. Under some conditions, subject pronouns cannot be overt. One instance is sentences whose subjects are non-referring: (58) (*Ello) es obvio que (*ello) llovió.

B. *La carta ya fue mandádate. (=31a) Spanish shares with Italian the phenomenon of “Restructuring,” or “clitic climbing,” in which clitics related to a subordinate infinitive appear in construction with a “semi-auxiliary” matrix verb. Both (32a) and (32b) are grammatical: (32) a. Susana quiere verte. S. sg. ” b. Susana te quiere ver. (=32a) In addition, Spanish restructuring also includes verb-participle sequences: (33) a. María seguía cantándolo. M. sg. ” b. María lo seguía cantando. (=33a) Overview of the grammar 19 Clitics are an ongoing topic of investigation in Spanish syntax.

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