By Mark Steedman
During this booklet Mark Steedman argues that the outside syntax of common languages maps spoken and written varieties on to a compositional semantic illustration that incorporates predicate-argument constitution, quantification, and data constitution with out developing any intervening structural illustration. His goal is to build a principled conception of usual grammar that's without delay appropriate with either explanatory linguistic money owed of a few complex syntactic phenomena and a simple computational account of how sentences are mapped onto representations of which means. the unconventional nature of Steedman's suggestion stems from his declare that a lot of the plain complexity of syntax, prosody, and processing follows from the lexical specification of the grammar and from the involvement of a small variety of common rule-types for combining predicates and arguments. those syntactic operations are on the topic of the combinators of Combinatory good judgment, engendering a far freer definition of derivational constituency than is usually assumed. This estate permits Combinatory Categorial Grammar to seize elegantly the constitution and interpretation of coordination and intonation contour in English in addition to a few famous interactions among note order, coordination, and relativization throughout a couple of different languages. It additionally permits extra direct compatibility with incremental semantic interpretation in the course of parsing.
The e-book covers themes in formal linguistics, intonational phonology, computational linguistics, and experimental psycholinguistics, providing them as an built-in idea of the language college in a kind obtainable to readers from any of these fields
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Extra info for The syntactic process: language, speech, communication
That is, for any unambiguous sentence, there are typically several distinct categorial derivations, all of which are semantically equivalent in the sense that they deliver the same function-argument relations. The notion "constituent of a derivation'' is correspondingly generalized to cover many of the puzzling fragments discussed above. 11 However, many of the ideas explored below draw upon these works, and I will try to make their parentage clear as we go. This book is most closely related to the subgroup of these theories developed by Ades, Oehrle, Jacobson, Szabolcsi, and Hepple, among other cited above, although they should not be assumed Page 29 to endorse the present theory in all (or even many) respects.
The possibility of argument cluster coordinations like (40) is therefore predicted by exactly the same ingredients of the theory that were introduced to Page 47 explain right node raisingnamely, order-preserving type-raising and composition. The existence of argument cluster coordination in SVO languages, together with the related dependency of so-called forward and backward gap-ping on VSO and SOV word order discussed in chapter 7, is in fact one of the strongest pieces of confirmatory evidence in favor of the grammars that admit these two combinatory operations.
1, whose semantics also seems to be reminiscent of functional abstraction, are also subject to something like the Sense Unit Condition that limits intonational phrases. 3 Architecture of a government-binding prosody Since coordinate constructions and parentheticals constitute major sources of complexity for current theories of natural language grammar and also offer serious obstacles to computational applications, it is tempting to suspect that this conspiracy between syntax and prosody might point to a unified notion of syntactic constituent structure that is somewhat different from the traditional one, but that unifies the GB notions of S-Structure, PF and Intonation Structure under a single notion that I shall call Information Structure, to avoid confusion with other notions of Surface Structure that are in play.