By Mark Steedman
In this booklet Mark Steedman argues that the outside syntax of ordinary languages maps spoken and written varieties on to a compositional semantic illustration that incorporates predicate-argument constitution, quantification, and knowledge constitution with no developing any intervening structural illustration. His goal is to build a principled idea of ordinary grammar that's at once appropriate with either explanatory linguistic money owed of a few challenging syntactic phenomena and an easy computational account of how sentences are mapped onto representations of which means. the unconventional nature of Steedman's inspiration stems from his declare that a lot of the plain complexity of syntax, prosody, and processing follows from the lexical specification of the grammar and from the involvement of a small variety of common rule-types for combining predicates and arguments. those syntactic operations are concerning the combinators of Combinatory common sense, engendering a far freer definition of derivational constituency than is commonly assumed. This estate permits Combinatory Categorial Grammar to catch elegantly the constitution and interpretation of coordination and intonation contour in English in addition to a few recognized interactions among observe order, coordination, and relativization throughout a few different languages. It additionally permits extra direct compatibility with incremental semantic interpretation in the course of parsing.
The ebook covers subject matters in formal linguistics, intonational phonology, computational linguistics, and experimental psycholinguistics, offering them as an built-in conception of the language school in a sort available to readers from any of these fields.
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Extra resources for The Syntactic Process
Marry'xy, in which the subject combines first, followed by the object. Such a Logical Form cannot be simplified, and makes an essential, though entirely local, use of l-abstraction. In Steedman 1996b, I argue that this degree of freedom in the lexical specification of Logical Forms is required to account for binding phenomena in English, as well as in VSO and OSV languages. In later sections we will see that it is also implicated by coordination phenomena in verb-initial constructions in English, and in other SVO and VSO languages.
6 The syntactic and semantic components of such categories are related by the following principle, which is the categorial equivalent of a principle of "type driven translation" in rules (Klein and Sag 1985), and related to the X theory (Chomsky 1970; Jackendoff 1977). < previous page page_35 next page > < previous page page_36 next page > Page 36 For example, a verbal function from subjects to propositions in English may be of type S\NP whereas a function from objects to predicates must be S/NP.
Previous page page_35 next page > < previous page page_36 next page > Page 36 For example, a verbal function from subjects to propositions in English may be of type S\NP whereas a function from objects to predicates must be S/NP. The present use of the untyped l-calculus as a simplified notation for Logical Forms does not help us to straightforwardly define this principle formally. Even the typed version would require some extensions to distinguish nominal and verbal functions of type e ® t, and to distinguish subject arguments from objects.