By Marie-Louise Thomsen
This quantity provides an intensive description of Sumerian grammar according to texts relationship from the center of the 3rd millennium to the top of the previous Babylonian interval (about 1600 B.C.). past theories, particularly in regards to the verbal approach, the main tough bankruptcy of Sumerian grammar, are mentioned. moreover, this ebook additionally bargains with the heritage of the Sumerian language and its use in literary and spiritual texts within the outdated Babylonian interval whilst it used to be already a lifeless language. This new version features a supplementary bibliography.
Read or Download The Sumerian Language: An Introduction to Its History and Grammatical Structure (Mesopotamia: Copenhagen Studies in Assyriology, 10) (Multilingual Edition) PDF
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Extra resources for The Sumerian Language: An Introduction to Its History and Grammatical Structure (Mesopotamia: Copenhagen Studies in Assyriology, 10) (Multilingual Edition)
5 66. An inanimate noun can denote both singular and plural, o r better collective, just like the English word 'sheep'. 6 is both 'house' and 'houses' or rather 'complex of houses', gud is 'ox' as well as 'oxen'/ 'herd of oxen'. Inanimate nouns have thus n o plural forms, but they can be reduplicated and thus denote a totality: kur-kur 'all the foreign lands'. § 67. As regards animate nouns, the single stem may probably also denote collective (see ensiz in ex. 20), but in general plural is expressed by the suffix /-enel (see 5 69).
Letter B 1, 26) Q 127. ' (cf. Krecher, 1966 p. 101; 114). Several forms of /me/ and /me-n/ are Iisted in OBCT I col. X (= MSL IV p. ). 8 128. ', serves as indefinite pronoun with both animate and inanimate: 'anyone, anything'; with negative verbal form: 'no one, nothing'. me, but it is also used alone like in ex. 93. me is both ergative (ex. 92,93) and absolutive (ex. 94). me-35 na-an-tum, lna-i-n-tum-el 'he must not bring it to any other place' (TCS I nr. gi-el, /bi-n-gar/ 'no one should lay a claim!
Nu corresponds to Summa l l 'except' (see Sjoberg, 1973a p. 128; von Soden, 1952 § 114i). nar-nu 'except the art of singing' (Father and Son 110) 5 147. According to B. Alster, 1972a p. 119, tukumbi is also used in the sense 'certainly' (see example 1972a p. ' (Dumuzi's Dream 207) $ 148. )/, literally 'on the day', is also used in the sense 'when' and 'if'. As a rule, also after ud-da the verb is hamtu. )/ 'if you go to the city, nobody shall go with YOU' (Lugalbanda and Enmerkar 287) Modal Adverbs 8 149.