By Tim Delaney, Tim Madigan
In its moment variation, this ebook takes a clean method of the research of activities, providing key thoughts resembling socialization, economics, gender, race, ethnicity, faith, politics, the media and the function of activities in society. The authors provide a serious exam yet spotlight additionally the various good points of activities. every one bankruptcy concludes with a favored tradition part, displaying how movies, tv, games, track and brief tales have contributed to our figuring out of activities' importance to our lives. different gains comprise updated information—such as records on participant and proprietor salaries—and a glance at contemporary controversies in activities, reminiscent of performance-enhancing medications, household violence, on-line playing and the turning out to be difficulty over concussions and post-career illnesses. the worth of activities for individuals with actual disabilities and unique wishes is mentioned, in addition to the advance of activities stories courses and the ongoing value of "sportsmanship." the ultimate bankruptcy explores how social media, in addition to new sorts of digital fact and the superiority of video gaming, are reshaping the idea that of what constitutes a game.
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Extra resources for The Sociology of Sports: An Introduction
Reduced to the simplest possible terms, then, a social system consists in a plurality of individual actors interacting with each other in a situation which has at least a physical or environmental aspect” (Parsons 1951: 5). Importantly, the social system is designed to continue to exist even when some individual members leave. For example, as members of a college sports team graduate, transfer, or drop out, they are replaced by other individuals. This cycle of individuals coming and going continues year after year and yet the social system (the team, the league) manages to maintain itself (with varying degrees of success).
Robert Merton (1910–2003) was the ﬁrst sociologist to articulate the potential dysfunctional features of certain aspects of the social system. Merton stated that dysfunctional aspects are those which disturb the normally functioning social system. Furthermore, Merton argued that aspects of the social system may be functional for some, but not for others. For example, it is common for sporting events to be held during national holidays. This is convenient for the fans who wish to watch the games, but not so convenient for the athletes who may have preferred to spend time with their families.
3. Integration. This functional imperative involves the regulation and coordination of actors and subsystems within the greater social system in order to keep it functioning properly (Delaney 2014). Sport leagues must regulate and coordinate all of the participating franchises or teams, coaches and managers, sport participants, and spectators and fans. Sports bring people together. Sport provides people an opportunity to bond with a group and a community. It provides a sense of social identiﬁcation as well as a source of personal identity.