By Cheryl A. Fury
Frequently, the historical past of English maritime adventures has fascinated with the good sea captains and swashbucklers. even if, during the last few a long time, social historians have began to ascertain the fewer famous seafarers who have been at the harmful voyages of trade, exploration, privateering and piracy, in addition to naval campaigns.
This publication brings jointly a few of their findings. there is not any similar paintings that gives such an outline of our wisdom of English seamen through the 16th and 17th centuries and the tumultuous global within which they lived.
Subjects lined contain alternate, piracy, better halves, widows and the broader maritime group, future health and medication at sea, faith and shipboard tradition, how Tudor and Stuart ships have been manned and provisioned, and what has been realized from the real destroy the Mary Rose.
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Extra resources for The Social History of English Seamen, 1485-1649
Neither have I inserted my own research or that of other historians to develop Scammell’s assertions. Instead, I have used the examples he employed in his writings to illustrate various points. It was my goal to write a chapter similar to what Scammell would have produced had he lived to write it. 1 An excellent point to begin one’s study of Scammell’s findings on English seamen are collected works such as Ships, Oceans and Empire: Studies in European Maritime and Colonial History, 1400–1750 (Aldershot, 1995) and Seafaring, Sailors and Trade, 1450–1750 (Aldershot, 2003).
359. , 359. , 360. , 360. , 360. , 367. , 367. , 367. org/terms 34 Cheryl A. 52 Ralph Davis, for example, saw this period as the beginning of a commercial revolution. Scammell’s work, however, demonstrates there was plenty of commercial activity long before this. ’53 There is no debate that the sixteenth century brought some important maritime developments. 58 Given that England had a number of enemies, English shipowners and seaman could be quite ingenious when it came to carrying out trade (with or without official sanction).
Although a standing navy may have been desirable for foreign policy reasons, few wanted to pay for it. 43 Just because seamen were impressed did not mean they intended to serve. In 1587, Sir Francis Drake 37 Scammell, ‘Sinews’, 354. , 355. , 355. , 356. , 356. , 357–8. , 355. V. 44 This pattern repeats itself: in 1635 fleeing seamen were being hunted in a number of towns in eastern England. 45 Such practices did little to enhance seamen’s status. 46 As he points out, landsmen rarely saw seamen at their finest; if ‘they knew them at all, [it was] as riotous spenders of whatever wealth they had when they came ashore, passing their brief spells of leisure in bouts of drunkenness and the relentless pursuit of women’.