By Karin Aijmer, Anne-Marie Simon-Vandenbergen
Even with the massive literature on modality in English, little or no study has been performed on modal adverbs as a gaggle. whereas there are stories of person adverbs, the semantic and pragmatic relatives among them were left mostly unexplored. This publication takes an in depth examine the complete box of modal simple task as expressed via adverbs in English. at the foundation of corpus information the main widespread adverbs of sure bet, together with definitely, certainly, and doubtless, are tested from the viewpoint in their syntactic, semantic and pragmatic features. The corpus used is the foreign Corpus of English - nice Britain, supplemented via facts from different present-day English corpora, and questionnaires checking out local audio system' intuitions on fine-grained similarities and variations among heavily comparable adverbs. The method additionally contains the learn of cross-linguistic equivalents as symptoms of semantic-pragmatic family among adverbs. Translation corpora yield correspondences in Swedish, Dutch, French and German. a close examine of these correspondences provides precious details for establishing a semantic-pragmatic profile of every adverb, exhibiting the place their meanings overlap and the place the bounds are. the idea that of semantic maps is trusted for plotting those kin.
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Additional info for The Semantic Field of Modal Certainty: A Corpus-Based Study of English Adverbs
Chapters 6,7,8). In addition, they may express subjective or intersubjective assessments in the sense Nuyts uses these terms, and these are again context-dependent. We accept, with Nuyts, that such meanings are evidential dimensions added on top of the modal meanings, which entails that all modal adverbs can be either subjectively or intersubjectively oriented with regard to the interactional status of the evidence which forms the basis of the claim. However, a particular subset of the adverbs are evidential in yet another way.
The following points made by Faller are of importance since they concern what it means to know that something is true. First, Faller points out (2002: 18–20) that Quechua has an evidential enclitic (-mi) which is used in a wide sense to refer to statements for which the speaker has the most direct source of information, and that this source may, depending on the individual case, be either personal or encyclopaedic information. This use includes cases where the evidential indicates that ‘p is common cultural knowledge’ and therefore known by everyone (Faller 2000: 20).
As Nuyts points out (Nuyts 2001: 37), there is a link between mirativity and intersubjectivity since what is shared is not new. What we want to examine is the extent to which the rhetorical exploitation of adverbs to suggest a common outlook affects their meaning. In conclusion, Nuyts distinguishes between epistemic modality and (inter)subjectivity. (Inter)subjectivity has to do with the state of the evidence in the interaction and represents an evidential dimension within the semantic area of epistemic modality.