By Peter Ludlow
Peter Ludlow offers the 1st publication at the philosophy of generative linguistics, together with either Chomsky's govt and binding concept and his minimalist application. Ludlow explains the inducement of the generative framework, describes its uncomplicated mechanisms, after which addresses the various many attention-grabbing philosophical questions and puzzles that come up after we undertake the overall theoretical process. He specializes in what he's taking to be the main simple philosophical matters concerning the ontology of linguistics, concerning the nature of information, approximately language/world kin, and approximately most sensible idea standards. those are of huge philosophical curiosity, from epistemology to ethics: Ludlow hopes to carry the philosophy of linguistics to a much broader philosophical viewers and convey that we have got many shared philosophical questions. equally, he goals to set out the philosophical concerns in any such approach as to have interaction readers from linguistics, and to motivate interplay among the 2 disciplines on foundational issues.
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Extra info for The Philosophy of Generative Linguistics
Up until that point, the kinds of facts that were the targets of explanation in generative linguistics were fairly constrained, but particularly under Lakoff’s inﬂuence the supposed domain of linguistics became broader and broader, and the theory of grammar was pressed into service as the potential explanans for more and more phenomena. In part, the generative semantics wars can be seen as a dispute over precisely how broad the target of theory of grammar should be. In the end, any phenomenon remotely related to language was taken to be an explanandum of the theory.
A [–anaphoric –pronominal] NP must be free One of the interesting consequences of this was the question of what happens to PRO in the binding theory. Since it is both [þanaphoric] and [þpronominal] it looks like it must be both free and bound in its governing category. But notice that there is a way out. PRO could occur, but it would have to occur in places where it has no governing 6 This obviously can’t be the whole story, given that in ‘John believes that someone is a spy’ it appears this could be a de re belief about some individual.
Consider (50 ) which is (5) represented at a ﬁner level of detail. Notice that both an NP and an S node have been jumped in the extraction from the complex noun phrase ‘the woman who illustrated the book’: 16 LINGUISTIC PRELIMINARIES (50 ) *That’s the book . . [NP the woman who [S illustrated ___]] Speciﬁed Subject Condition: No rule can involve X, Y in the structure . . X . . [Æ . . Z . . -WYV . . ] where Z is the speciﬁed subject of WYV in Æ. This can be thought of as a generalization of the Sentential Subject Condition, which accounted for the contrast between (8) and (9), and extends also to the contrast between (22) and (23), where (23) has a speciﬁed subject and (22) only a null subject.