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By David J. Galbreath

Through the chilly warfare, the 2 international superpowers have been in a position to come jointly to solve many problems with transparency and customary demanding situations, resulting in a transformation in eu and international safety. The OSCE coated the world previously occupied by way of NATO and the Warsaw Pact, championing the Helsinki ultimate Act, which turned a key foreign device to motivate peace and safeguard. Following the tip of the chilly conflict, the OSCE turned a key establishment located among the ecu Union and NATO, concentrating on furthering democracy, maintaining human and minority rights, and inspiring army reform in a vastly dynamic zone. David J. Galbreath sheds gentle on an establishment that modified the face of world safety through the chilly conflict and championed the increase of democratization in principal and japanese Europe in addition to the previous Soviet republics following the cave in of the Soviet Union.

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Third, the member-states of NATO worked together to gather intelligence on the Soviet Union. Fourth, NATO monitored the borders between member-states and Central and Eastern Europe. It is important to note that NATO had a border with the Soviet Union from the outset with Norway’s northern frontier. Fifth, NATO was able to monitor any Soviet incursions, either on land, by sea, or by air. Finally, the organization existed to deter any Soviet opportunity for attack. While deterrence is difficult to show, there is little doubt that the coordination between the North Atlantic Treaty states did have an impact on the Soviet cost-benefit perception as to whether or not to attack.

In 1959, the council created the European Court of Human Rights to be followed with the creation of the Commissioner on Human Rights in 1999. Second, like the OSCE, the council played an important role in European integration and enlargement. The council’s Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities has become an accepted standard for minority protection in Central and Eastern Europe. Finally, the council has been a repository of “best practices” to common problems, such as illegal immigration, organized crime, and human trafficking.

The US administration placed a naval blockade around Cuba and stated that it would fire on any ships that attempted to pass the blockade. As Soviet ships were progressing towards the blockade, the stage was set for a nuclear war. In order to remove the missiles from Cuba, the Soviet leader Nikita European security and cooperation 13 Khrushchev asked in letters sent to the US President John F. Kennedy that the US government vow not to invade Cuba and to remove US missiles from Turkey. Nuclear war was averted when Kennedy accepted Khrushchev’s deal.

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