By Winston S. Churchill, William Gallup
Retail caliber AZW3.
In the good Democracies, Winston Churchill makes his case for the original and basic function the English-speaking humans performed in bringing fiscal development and political freedom to the realm at huge. As a piece of background, this quantity covers the interval from the tip of the Napoleonic Wars in 1815 to the top of the South African or Boer conflict in 1902. Churchill had a first-person view on a few of these occasions having participated within the cost of the twenty first Lancers at Omdurman and reporting at the Boer struggle for the Morning Post.
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Extra info for The Great Democracies (A History of the English-Speaking Peoples, Volume 4)
Bitter was still clearly the minority drink even after the Second World War (at Hyde’s brewery, Manchester, for example, it made up only 15 per cent of total production). But in the 1950s, mild began to lose ground. Much of the reason was precisely bitter’s image as a middle-class choice. A commentator in 1958 wrote: ‘In many parts of the country, the drinking of bitter beers is on the increase. Traditionally bitter is looked on as the bosses’ drink. Any man reckons today he’s as good as his boss.
The London brewer Whitbread listed ‘pale ale, mild ale, stout and Burton’ as the ‘four chief types of beer today’, and many of the beers we think of today as bitters are still called ‘pale ales’ by their makers. Truman, Hanbury and Buxton brewed beers at its Burton upon Trent brewery called PA1 and PA2 for pale ales one and two. The first was its strong Ben Truman bitter, the second its standard bitter. ’s Ram brewery in Wandsworth, South London, closed in 2006, it still sent its ‘ordinary’ bitter out in casks labelled PA for Pale Ale, exactly the same as when it was first brewed in 1864, while casks of its special bitter are marked ‘SPA’.
EPUB ISBN 978 0 7524 7594 3 MOBI ISBN 978 0 7524 7593 6 Original typesetting by The History Press CONTENTS Introduction Why Britain is one of the greatest brewing nations and how the ales and beers uniquely developed in Britain made it so 1 Bitter Its Victorian roots in the pale ales of Burton upon Trent, its regional variations and comparatively recent national triumph 2 Mild A history dating back to Saxon times, the myths, the varieties, the rise to national dominance and subsequent fall, the survivors 3 Burton Ale How the beer that filled aristocratic mugs in St Petersburg became a favourite across Britain and then almost vanished away 4 Porter The true story of the beer that fuelled London’s street and river porters, its global triumph, death and rebirth 5 Stout What stout really means, the fortunes it made in London and Dublin, how it became ‘good for you’ and what it is now 6 India Pale Ale The seasonal speciality that turned into something marvellous on its journey to the East and became a huge success at home 7 Golden Ale The late twentieth-century answer from real ale brewers to the rise of lager, how it was invented and grew, where it’s going 8 Dinner Ales and Low-Gravity Beers The story of beers made to go with food and Britain’s tradition of refreshing low-strength ales 9 Brown Ale How an old style was given two new twists at the start of the twentieth century and went on to take America by acclaim 10 Wheat Beer A lost British beer style that gave us two legendary brews and came back again at the end of the twentieth century 11 Barley Wine and Old Ale Beer’s answer to brandy, the long story of powerful, aged brews that pack lots into each small glassful 12 Herb and Flavoured Ales The many plants that have gone into beers and ales besides hops, from moorland bushes to weeds 13 Honey Beer One of the oldest styles of beer, which returned in the twentieth century and proved popular with hairdressers 14 Heather Ale The ancient tale of a legendary brew supposedly made long ago by the ancient Picts and revived by a boutique brewer 15 Wood-Aged Beers The twenty-first-century development of beers aged so as to take flavours from the cask, including whisky brews 16 Lager How the pioneers of lager learnt from British brewers, authentic Victorian lagers and modern quality lager in the UK Glossary Bibliography INTRODUCTION Britain is one of the world’s greatest brewing nations: a fact the British themselves often seem to be unaware of.