By Allan Todd
An enticing variety of interval texts and topic books for AS and a degree heritage. the ecu dictatorships presents a well-balanced account of the 3 major eu dictatorships within the interval 1919-45. Allan Todd explores Stalinism, Fascism and Nazism intimately, facing the institution and upkeep of energy, the character of celebration and country rule, the distribution of strength, the aim and impression of social and fiscal regulations, competition, and the importance of overseas coverage and battle. Comparisons and contrasts among the dictatorships also are highlighted. utilizing a variety of fundamental resources, this e-book offers with the most historic and interpretive problems with this topic in an obtainable approach.
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Extra info for The European Dictatorships: Hitler, Stalin, Mussolini
At the same t i m e, the W h i tes we re ca rryi ng out s i m i l a r forced req u i s itions i n the a reas they control led. As with i n d u strial productio n , the c o m b i n a ti o n of the va rious d i s ru pti o n s to ..... ru ra l l i fe s i n ce 1 9 1 4 p roduced such a shortfa l l in gra i n s u pp l i es that, i n 1 920 a n d \ 31 From Leninism to Sta linism 1 91 8-28 1 9 2 1 , gra i n h a rvests we re less t h a n 50 per cent of what they had been in 1 9 1 3 . I n t h e Volga regio n , wh ich h a d been affected b y not o n l y t h e civi l wa r b u t a l so d roughts, s a n d b l i zzards and locusts, the res u lt wa s a fa m i ne.
Then i n M a rch 1 92 0 P i l su d s k i , the Po l i s h d i ctato r, l a u nched a n i nvas i o n of Soviet Ru s s i a . Despite Soviet offers of a favo u rable territo r i a l settlement, the i nva s i o n co n t i n u ed a n d the peace refo r m s a p proved by the Co ngress of Soviets were s u spended . In J u ne the Red Army expe l led Po l i s h fo rces and Brita i n offered to mediate. Despite t h e i r p ro m i ses to gra n t i ndepen de n ce to Pol a n d (wh ic h h a d b e e n p a rt o f the Tsa r 's e m p i re) , Le n i n a n d the m a jority of the gove r n m e n t decided t o p u rsue the Po l i s h a rmy across the border i n o rder t o assist the soviets that had been set u p in some pa rts of Pol a n d .
By the end of 1 9 1 9 , o n l y about 65 per cent of l a n d wa s sta te-owned o r held b y co l l ective fa r m s. S i m i l a rly, the B o l s h eviks were fo rced to accept the preva i l i n g rea l ity rega rd i ng Soviet Ru ssi a 's i n d u stry. As we h ave see n , m a n y of the worke rs' co m m i ttees set up by wo rkers in facto ries had a n a rcho-syndica l ist m a jo ri ties and were opposed to a ny centra l contro l . As a res u l t , the Decree o n Worke rs' Contro l , which attem pted to esta b l i s h centra l con trol ove r the worke rs' co m m ittees i n order to "'i m prove productivity, wa s l a rgel y i n o perative.