By Wolfgang David Cirilo de Melo
This can be the 1st complete therapy of Latin extra-paradigmatic verb kinds, that's, verb varieties which can't simply be assigned to any specific demanding within the Latin verbal method. to be able to see what features such kinds fulfil, one has to check their utilization to that of the usual verb varieties. partially 1, Wolfgang de Melo outlines the use of usual verb varieties, which, unusually, has no longer continuously been defined properly within the average grammars. partially 2, the crucial a part of the e-book, he compares using the extra-paradigmatic verb varieties to that of the usual ones, limiting himself to Archaic Latin (roughly prior to a hundred BC); right here he makes many new and unforeseen discoveries. partially three, de Melo indicates how synchronic utilization may help us to reconstruct past phases of the language which aren't attested; he additionally issues out that, whereas many of the extra-paradigmatic kinds die out after a hundred BC, a few live to tell the tale - and that such survival is certainly not an issue of probability.
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Extra info for The Early Latin Verb System: Archaic Forms in Plautus, Terence, and Beyond (Oxford Classical Monographs)
However, this does not invalidate my examples. See Klein (1994) for a theoretical discussion of aspect in English, and Leech (1976) for a descriptive approach. 7 This concept of boundedness is a crucial component of the perfective aspect in Russian, see Dahl (1987: 75). 26 Four Problems in the Latin Verb System The treatment of the forms in H–S 322–4 is representative of many aspectual approaches to the Latin future, but some background concerning Indo-European may be necessary. The now traditional view, outlined for example in Hoﬀmann (1970: 27–32) or Rix (1986: 7– 11), attributes to Indo-European a ‘present’, an ‘aorist’, and a ‘perfect’ without assuming that each verb necessarily had a full set of these socalled tenses.
Megadorus: You will be given money, you will be helped by me. Just tell me if you need anything, I’m at your command. Euclio: Now he is making demands by making promises. Here ‘making demands’ (petere) and ‘making promises’ (pollic¯er¯ı) are equated in the so-called ‘cum identicum’-construction. The tense is the present in both clauses. ) Quae cum faciam, beneuolentiam tuam erg¯a m¯e imit¯abor, merita n¯on assequar. (Cic. fam. 6. 4. ) By doing this I will imitate your kindness towards me, but not achieve your merits.
271, atqu˘e hoc cr¯edo impetr¯assere. Here I write atqu˘e to show that the ﬁnal vowel is not elided. Second, compare Pacuu. trag. 21 In verse, I write this sequence as ego ˘ıstam, that is, I do 20 The exceptions are the references, which are cited according to the norms of the Thesaurus Linguae Latinae, and Latin written by modern scholars such as Madvig. Quantities in languages other than Latin have not been marked consistently. 21 For diﬀerent explanations of iambic shortening see Devine and Stephens (1980; a fast-speech phenomenon) and Rix (1989; a poetic licence dating from the time when 14 Introduction not indicate that eg¯o would have -¯o when spoken in isolation, but I do show that is- counts as light.