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By Jean Louis De Lolme

"The structure of britain" is without doubt one of the such a lot special 18th-century treatises on English political liberty. within the vein of Charles Louis Montesquieu's "Spirit of the legislation" (1748) and William Blackstone's "Commentaries at the legislation of britain" (1765-1769), Jean Louis De Lolme's account of the English method of presidency exercised an intensive impression on political debate in Britain, on constitutional layout within the US through the Founding period, and at the development of liberal political suggestion during the nineteenth century. initially released in French in Amsterdam in 1771, "The structure of britain" was once the 1st book-length research of the 'separation of powers' proposed in publication XI of Montesquieu's "Spirit of the Laws", which sketched an institutional contrast among the legislative, government, and judicial branches of presidency. De Lolme was once involved to teach the style within which the English political procedure supplied a substitute for the republican kind of govt, one that provided either a extra solid and a extra broad method of political freedom than that loved in republican states. moreover, and as a part of this critique, De Lolme tested the political instructing of his fellow Genevan, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, and repudiated Rousseau's republican assault on England's type of consultant govt. This version takes good thing about the paintings of nineteenth-century editors of De Lolme's textual content yet offers new annotations to clarify his various references to classical, medieval, and early-modern political practices, in addition to translations of De Lolme's citations from resources in Latin and French.

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Extra resources for The Constitution of England; Or, An Account of the English Government (Natural Law and Enlightenment Classics)

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When the approbation of Mankind is in question, all per-sons, whatever their different ranks may be, consider themselves as being engaged in the same career: they look upon themselves as being candidates for the very same kind of advantage: high and low, all are in that respect in a state of primaeval equality; nor are those who are likely to obtain some prize, to expect much favour from the others. This desire of having their ideas communicated to, and approved by, the Public, was very prevalent among the Great Men of the Roman Commonwealth, and afterwards with the Roman Emperors; however imperfect the means of obtaining these ends might be in those days, compared with those which are used in our’s.

A ) He reserved to himself an exclusive privilege of killing game throughoutEngland, and enacted the severest penalties on all who should attempt it without his permission. The suppression, or rather mitigation of these penalties, was one of the articles of the Charta de Foresta, which the Barons afterwards obtained by force of arms, Nullus de cetero amittat vitam, vel membra, pro venatione nostraˆ. Ch. de Forest. Art. 10. ” The Charter of Forests, adopted in 1215 during the reign of King John and reconfirmed by later English monarchs, was traditionally associated with Magna Charta as a fundamental statement of English liberties.

It is upon the passions of Mankind, that is upon causes which are unalterable, that the action of the various parts of a State depends. The machine may vary as to its dimensions, but its movement and acting springs still remain intrinsically the same; and that time cannot be considered as lost, which has been spent in seeing them act and move in a narrower circle. <4> One other consideration I will suggest, which is, that the very circumstance of being a foreigner, may of itself be attended, in this case, with a degree of advantage.

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