By Jon M. Frey
Through extensive surveys of 3 fortifications in overdue Roman Greece, Frey unearths the untapped power of spolia in demonstrating the serious position performed by means of non-elites in bringing concerning the architectural and social alterations that mark the top of classical antiquity.
As his research demonstrates, whilst studied much less as displaced items to be categorised through sort and extra as facts for the development procedure itself, spolia provide a different chance to check the ways that universal developers met the problem of utilizing pre-existing building
materials to satisfy their modern architectural wishes. This “bottom-up” strategy bargains an alternative choice to the conventional view that attributes swap and innovation in basic terms to the genius of well-known participants identified to us in ancient sources.
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Extra info for ’Spolia’ in Fortifications and the Common Builder in Late Antiquity
Gregory 1993; Crow and Ricci 1997; Crow 2001; Bowden 2003, 85–103; Bakirtzis 2005; Crow 2007; DeStaebler 2008a; Niewöhner et al. 2008; Bakirtzis 2010; Niewöhner 2010; Bakirtzis 2012; Jacobs 2013, 19–110. Christie 2001; Dey 2010; Latimer 2010 and Dey 2010; 2011; 2012 should be mentioned as particularly important studies of contemporary evidence in the West. 119 Such acts of beneficence gave fortifications equal status with the many churches that were being built at the same time. This point has been clearly demonstrated in Saradi’s analysis of the highly structured rhetorical tradition of speeches delivered in praise of ancient cities.
D. repair of the propylon of the Porticus Octaviae in Rome can be recognized as spolia 22 chapter 2 and materials were not prominently displayed can often be just as effective as studies of similar objects that were. Yet, the distinction between spolia as objects and spoliation as action suggests that a different approach—one that concentrates on the many different stages in the process of reuse—holds great potential in exploring the phenomenon. One must recognize that, in studying spolia, we are not examining objects as much as we are attempting to identify the less tangible and potentially much more informative evidence of an individual’s interaction with them.
Themes 31 to complete a construction project, there is still a tendency to imagine these workers as mere parts of a machine, capable only of carrying out the patron’s or architect’s design with absolute precision. Yet it stands to reason that skilled and unskilled laborers below the level of master builders and architects must have had more autonomy on these projects than is usually assumed. Thus, we can and should pay closer attention to the actions of these individuals and the ways in which they shaped the overall finished look of a project.