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By Maya Hickmann (Ed.), Stéphane Robert (Ed.)

Area is almost immediately the focal point of a lot study and debate throughout disciplines, together with linguistics, anthropology, psychology, and philosophy. One robust function of this assortment is to assemble theoretical and empirical contributions from those assorted clinical traditions, with the collective goal of addressing primary questions on the leading edge of the present literature: the character of area in language, the linguistic relativity of house, the relation among spatial language and cognition. Linguistic analyses spotlight the multidimensional and heterogeneous nature of area, whereas additionally exhibiting the life of a collection of varieties, parameters, and rules organizing the massive variety of linguistic structures and accounting for mechanisms of diachronic switch. Findings bearing on spatial conception and cognition recommend the lifestyles of 2 exact structures governing linguistic and non-linguistic representations, that merely partly overlap in a few pathologies, yet in addition they convey the robust effect of language-specific elements at the process language acquisition and cognitive improvement.

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S3s ‘He is coming from Mexico’   Denis Creissels d. s3s ‘He is coming to Mexico’ Moreover, Nahuatl has applicative verb forms whose canonical uses are very similar to those of Bantu applicatives. However, contrary to what is observed in Tswana (see ex. (12) above), Nahuatl applicative derivation is not used to modify the roles assigned by verbs of motion to their locative arguments. Abbreviations abl all appl aux def ess f loc m o3pl pft pl s1sg s2sg s3:1 s3:2 seq ablative allative applicative auxiliary definite essive feminine locative masculine object marker, 3rd person plural perfect plural subject marker, 1st person singular subject marker, 2nd person singular, etc.

Ay-k’oj no’ wakaxh pet san marcos exist-dir cl cow in San Marcos ‘the cows are (across) in San Marcos’ . The Jakaltek Popti’ language academy is one of 21 Mayan language academies involved in efforts at language maintenance and language standardization, as part of a vast Mayan movement in Guatemala today (see Grinevald 2002b). Discussions therefore went beyond a simple collection of data (data riddled, of course, with variation) and involved the speakers’ own concern for defining the kind of “norm” they might propose in the pedagogically oriented materials they plan to produce themselves.

The expression “spatial entities” used for concrete entities and objects with spatial dimensions and contours is taken from Aurnague’s writings (see Aurnague 1996, 2001; Aurnague, Hickmann, & Vieu to appear). The expression of static location in a typological perspective Table 1. Early MPI typology of locative predicates (cf. MPI Annual Report 2001: 63–66) Type Type 0 Type I Ia. Ib. e. small set of posture verbs, 3–6 verbs) Saliba English, Tamil, Chukchi, Tiriyó Japanese, Ewe, Yukatek, Lavukaleve Arrernte, Dutch, Goemai Table 2.

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