By Dorte Verner, Willy Egset
Haiti is a resilient society whose rural groups specifically have built coping mechanisms according to an extended heritage of underdevelopment and political instability. The country's spiritual, cultural, and creative existence is very different and colourful. Like different fragile states, besides the fact that, Haiti is usually beset via common poverty, inequality, financial decline, unemployment, terrible governance, and violence. This state learn examines Haiti's conflict-poverty capture from the point of view of the triangle of things which were pointed out as its major parts: (a) demographic and socioeconomic elements on the person and family degrees; (b) the state's institutional skill to supply public items and deal with social dangers; and (c) the agendas and techniques of political actors. The report's 3 major chapters discover the character of those elements. The final bankruptcy considers the linkages between them.
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Extra info for Social Resilience and State Fragility in Haiti (Country Studies) (World Bank Country Study)
Port-au-Prince, despite its scarcity of formal jobs, attracts people from other areas, especially urban areas. 8. Domestic Migration, 2001 (percent) 35. The data did not allow an examination of age at the time of migration, so it has not been possible to calculate the proportion migrating as youth. 36. This does not necessarily mean that they are better off than average in the new place of residence. 37. Urban here means other all urban areas other than Port-au-Prince. 10. 60 pleted education. 39 affected Haiti for at least four decades.
1 percent attend formal education, but the variation across locations is wide. 12. 1 Source: Authors’ calculations based on HLCS 2001. 13. 2 Source: Authors’ calculations based on HLCS 2001. 44 There are large gaps in school attendance between the poor and nonpoor. Attendance is unequal across income quintiles. 12 shows, the trend is rapidly increasing for successively higher income quintiles, indicating the regressive nature of benefit incidence in education. Some 74 percent of the poorest (first quintile) receive primary school services, while 87 percent of the richest (fifth quintile) do so.
The distribution of key productive assets—labor, human capital, physical assets, financial assets, and social capital—is highly unequal. These disparities are greatest between the poor and nonpoor, but they also manifest themselves differently by geographic region. Additionally, access to services is unequal. This section addresses several of these areas: education, basic infrastructure services, and social assistance. It then looks at employment, unemployment and coping strategies, before ending with an analysis of social cohesion and violence.