By Nanda Poulisse
This publication reviews the result of an intensive examine of slips of the tongue produced by way of overseas language (L2) novices at assorted degrees of skillability. therefore, it presents new information which are used to check present monolingual versions of speech creation and to extra the advance of bilingual speech construction versions. furthermore, it deals a brand new method of the examine of moment language acquisition. The ebook includes a specified survey of the findings of L1 slip study, together with reviews of slips produced through baby L1 inexperienced persons. It systematically compares those findings to these of the present L2 research and relates them to contemporary monolingual and bilingual types of speech construction and to numerous cognitive types of moment language acquisition. certain positive factors of the e-book are its emphasis on methodological difficulties and the inclusion of the full L2 corpus of 2000 slips of the tongue. it truly is anticipated that the booklet can be of curiosity to researchers and complex scholars within the parts of speech construction and moment language acquisition, and especially to those that want to attempt their very own hypotheses utilizing the L2 data.Summary of the contents of the book.
The booklet offers an outline of the major findings in L1 slip research.
It relates L1 findings to monolingual speech construction versions.
It provides a close survey of reviews of slips produced via children.
It offers an up to date overview of bilingual speech construction models.
It discusses contemporary cognitive versions of moment language acquisition.
It offers a close description of an in depth examine undertaking on slips of the tongue produced via Dutch beginners of English.
The L2 slip corpus is tape-recorded.
It discusses methodological difficulties in L1 slip research.
It systematically compares the L1 findings to these of the L2 slip project.
It relates the findings to monolingual and bilingual versions of speech creation and to cognitive types of moment language acquisition.
It makes the information to be had within the appendix.
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Additional info for Slips of the Tongue: Speech Errors in First and Second Language Production
Breakfast-lunch, red-black). g. Saturday-January, Europe-Britain). Abd-El-Jawad and Abu-Salim (1987) found that 17% of the non-contextual whole-word substitutions were antonyms, 58% were co-hyponyms and the remaining 25% involved words/ elements present in the environment. 3%), while the remaining ones were mainly co-hyponymic. Arnaud suggested the occurrence of these slips supports a decomposed (or distributed) connectionist view of the mental lexicon, in which semantic features have separate representations, as suggested by Tanenhaus, Dell and Carlson (1987).
The second assumption entails that lemma selection is not influenced by word forms. Hence, Levelt et al. give a different explanation for the relative frequency of mixed phonological/ lexical errors, such as rat substituting for ‘cat’ and the lexical bias effect. They SLIPS OF THE TONGUE IN ADULT NATIVE SPEECH 33 suggest that these effects could be the result of self-monitoring. Speakers are most likely to detect errors resulting in non-words, and least likely to detect errors resulting in words that fit the context.
Differences between children and adults were observed with respect to the word-initialness effect. Whereas 65–70% of the children’s slips in the experimental condition were observed in word-initial position, only 40–45% of the adults’ slips were. The adults also produced many slips (also 40–45%) in word-final phonemes. These results differ from those reported for adults by Shattuck-Hufnagel (1987, discussed in Chapter 1), and Stemberger (1989) to be discussed below. Since Smith’s data were recorded, hence available for repeated checking, it must be assumed that his results are the more reliable ones.