Download Semitic and Indo-European: Volume I: The Principal by Saul Levin PDF

By Saul Levin

This quantity offers the foremost examples of morphological correspondences among Indo-European and Semitic languages, afforded through nouns, verbal roots, pronouns, prepositions, and numerals. Its concentration is on shared morphology embodied within the cognate vocabulary. The evidence which are introduced out during this quantity don't healthy with ease inside of both the Indo-Europeanists' or the Semitists' belief of the prehistoric improvement in their languages. still they're so basic that many could take them for proof of a unmarried unique resource, 'Proto-Nostratic'. during this booklet, even if, it really is thought of unsettled no matter if proto-IE and proto-Semitic had a standard forerunner. however the IE-Semitic mixtures testify not less than to prehistoric language groups in really intimate touch.

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9) With no suffix, the Greek vocative ταυρ'ΐ, eliding the final vowel in ταύρε ‫ יי‬before a word that begins with a vowel: Arabic jjZ t {fjawr) before a pause. }‫יי‬. Ad. Several observations on these data are warranted. Within the great system of noun-inflection, the dual is the sub-system the most correspondence between Greek and the Semitic languages. /ACC. DUAL Xtk|a)t ‫'י^יך‬ acc. plural λύκ|ους^ [‫־‬os] ^ ^ ‫ { י [ ׳‬v r k | ā n } ({-āns} befo 1 (in many dialects -ΟΝΣ^) datVinst. pi. λύκ|οι5^ genitive " λύκ|ω‫׳‬1^ 3 1 2 1 3 1 4 See footnote {t-} o r ‫'י^ך‬ {vfk| āih} ({-aiS} bef {t-Jor rare in this cle 1 4 See my RoInEu, 551-554.

N i f t t {to ro }) Phoenician Θουρώ^ (goddess or divine c o w ) . 10 w K 1 1 1 0 The initial letter CO may have been stood for the fricative {p}, rather than {š} (or ( s } ) Only from Ethiopic (Ge^ez {sor}^) have we definite evidence of the sibilant [s] in this word. 1 1 Besides Brown - Levin, EtPa, 95, see Levin, PrlnEuThDe, 112-140; CoGr, 155; FuOtK Wo, 166-167; DiQuQu, 413-414). Some Arabic dictionaries, though not the most reliabl ones, give a feminine noun a^ji § { p a w r a t u n j 'cow', which would then have a pausa pronunciation *[fiawrah].

E der vom Idg. ins Semit. " 3 0 Besides neruus^ : ι‫׳‬εΰροι‫' ^׳‬sinew, muscle', Latin shows die order [rw] contr Greek in par u us ‫ יי‬: naOpos^ 'little', and similarly aluus^ Α 'belly, cavity' : αυλός^ pipe'. Why Latin has, on the other hand, taur- just like ταυρ-, defies explanation. Tha trait. This adds a socio-linguistic dimension to our inquiry, increasing the po sibilities and the complications. The firmer the norm of speech within a com munity, the more clearly the cognates to other languages will stand out; but l guistic researchers should never forget that languages on the whole tend mu more toward variation than uniformity.

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