Download Semantic Structures (Current Studies in Linguistics) by Ray S. Jackendoff PDF

By Ray S. Jackendoff

Semantic constructions is a large-scale research of conceptual constitution and its lexical and syntactic expression in English that builds at the procedure of Conceptual Semantics defined in Ray Jackendoff's prior books Semantics and Cognition and attention and the Computational brain. Jackendoff summarizes the suitable arguments in his past books, starting up the elemental parameters for the formalization of which means, and evaluating his mentalistic strategy with Fodor's Language of suggestion speculation. He then takes up the matter of which means, extending the diversity of semantic fields encompassed by means of the Conceptual Semantics formalism, and the matter of Correspondence, formalizing the relation among semantic and syntactic constitution. either one of those difficulties needs to be totally addressed so one can increase a common concept of language that's thinking about syntax and semantics and their issues of connection. Few books on lexical semantics current any such accomplished research of the sort of wide variety of phenomena from a unified viewpoint. along with discussing the conceptual constructions of enormous quantities of phrases and buildings, Jackendoff extends and deepens the idea to come back to grips with such an important matters as ?-roles and ?-marking; arguments, modifiers, and adjuncts; binding and keep an eye on; and the thematic linking hierarchy. Ray Jackendoff is Chairman of this system in Linguistics and Cognitive technology at Brandeis college.

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However, some languages such as Hungarian and Finnish have an iterative aspect that does express it; this aspect must be used in the counterparts of (22b,h,j,m). How should this sense of iteration be encoded in conceptual structure? It would appear most natural to conceive of it as an operator which maps a conceptual constituent that encodes a single Event into a conceptual constituent that encodes a repeated sequence of individual Events of the same type. Brief consideration suggests that in fact this operator has exactly the same semantic value as the plural marker, which maps a conceptual constituent that encodes an individual Thing into a conceptual constituent that encodes a collection of Things of the same type.

Are irrelevant to the general form of these rules. The algebra of conceptual structure and its relation to syntax is best stated cross-categorially. 2 Organization of Semantic Fields A second cross-categorial property of conceptual structure forms a central concern of the ''localistic" theory of Gruber (1965) and others. The basic insight of this theory is that the formalism for encoding concepts of spatial location and motion, suitably abstracted, can be generalized to many other semantic fields.

However, in the field of information transfer, this inference does not hold. If Bill transfers information to Harry, by (21) we can infer that Harry ends up having the information. But since information, unlike objects, can be in more than one place at a time, Bill still may have the information too. Hence rule (21) generalizes from the spatial field to information transfer, but the principle of exclusive location does not. Thus inference rules as well as lexical entries benefit from a featural decomposition of concepts: the Thematic Relations Hypothesis and the use of the semantic field feature permit us to generalize just those aspects that are general, while retaining necessary distinctions.

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