By Angus Konstam, Peter Dennis
A strategically very important normal harbor within the Orkney Islands, Scapa move served as Britain's major fleet anchorage in the course of global Wars I and II. It held Jellicoe's Grand Fleet from 1914-18, and it used to be from right here that it sailed out to do conflict with the Germans at Jutland in 1916. In 1914 the British started construction a accomplished shielding community by means of fortifying the entrances to Scapa move after which extending those defenses to hide so much of Orkney. those static defenses have been augmented with growth nets, naval patrols and minefields, developing the biggest fortified naval base within the world.With the outbreak of the second one international conflict, Scapa move back proved preferably positioned to counter the German naval risk and served because the base for Britain's domestic Fleet. regardless of consistent assaults from plane and U-boats, one among which controlled to sink the British battleship Royal Oak, the defenses of Scapa circulation have been back augmented and superior. through 1940, Orkney had develop into an island citadel, the most important built-in protecting community of its variety in Europe, manned by way of as many as 50,000 Commonwealth troops.Backed via newly commissioned art, naval historian Angus Konstam tells the tale of this effective naval fort, many items of which may nonetheless be obvious at the island at the present time.
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Additional resources for Scapa Flow: The Defences of Britain's Great Fleet Anchorage 1914-45 (Fortress 85)
Rowat) Stromness 59th AA Brigade (Brig. Gen. Peck) HQ: Melsetter, Hoy 64th HAA Rgt. (Lt. Col. Anderson) HQ: Roeberry, Hoy comprising 178, 179, 180 & 268 HAA Btys. ) 95th HAA Rgt. (Lt. Col. Lawrence) HQ: South Walls, Hoy comprising 204,226 & 293 HAA Btys. ) attached: 142nd LAA Bty. (Maj. Perry) Lyness, Hoy Coastal batteries Fixed Defences Command (Lt. Col. Cook) Ness Battery, Stromness 191st Heavy Bty. (Maj. ) 198th Heavy Bty. (Maj. ) 199th Heavy Bty. (Maj. ) attached: Orkney Fortress Royal Engineers (Maj.
P. , Nightmare at Scapa Flow: The truth about the sinking of the Royal Oak (Edinburgh: Birlinn Publishing, 2008) Wood, Lawson, The Bull and the Barriers: The Wrecks of Scapa Flow (Kirkwall: PI Media, 2000) 61 APPENDIX Bloody Orkney (Anon) first published in The Orkney Blast: This bloody town's a bloody cuss o bloody trains, no bloody bus, And no one cares for bloody us In bloody Orkney. The bloody roads are bloody bad, The bloody folks are bloody mad, They'd make the brightest bloody sad, In bloody Orkney.
Lt. Col. Bateson) Hobbister, Orphir comprising 211, 212, 216 & 309 HAA Btys. 7in. ) attached: 39th LAA Bty. (Maj. Rowat) Stromness 59th AA Brigade (Brig. Gen. Peck) HQ: Melsetter, Hoy 64th HAA Rgt. (Lt. Col. Anderson) HQ: Roeberry, Hoy comprising 178, 179, 180 & 268 HAA Btys. ) 95th HAA Rgt. (Lt. Col. Lawrence) HQ: South Walls, Hoy comprising 204,226 & 293 HAA Btys. ) attached: 142nd LAA Bty. (Maj. Perry) Lyness, Hoy Coastal batteries Fixed Defences Command (Lt. Col. Cook) Ness Battery, Stromness 191st Heavy Bty.