Download Rocks and Minerals (Pocket Nature) by Monica Price;Kevin Walsh PDF

By Monica Price;Kevin Walsh

No matter if you're a committed rock fan or an up-and-coming geologist, examine every thing you want to recognize to quick and simply establish over 325 rocks and minerals as a rule present in the united kingdom and Europe. From acanthite to zoisite this can be your excellent in-the-field and on-the-move reference.

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ESSENTIAL COMPONENTS Chalcedony. ADDITIONAL COMPONENTS Sometimes fossils, such as sponges. ORIGIN Chemical precipitation of silica. SIMILAR ROCKS Chert (above), which has a flat fracture. Chalk coating is a key feature. chalk 38 S E D I M E N TA R Y R O C K S Diatomite of diatomite found at Lough Neagh, Northern Ireland were formed when the lake covered a larger area. DEPOSITS A low-density rock made out of opal, Diatomite is derived from the remains of the hard parts of minute animals called diatoms.

ADDITIONAL COMPONENTS Fossils, gypsum, iron oxide minerals. ORIGIN Detrital, from lime mud. 29) has less calcite. fine grain size S E D I M E N TA R Y R O C K S 35 Ironstone Sandstones and limestones that are very rich in hematite, goethite, siderite, chamosite, or other iron minerals, are known as ironstones. These minerals give the rock a dark red, brown, green, or yellow colour. They usually form by space-filling or replacement of previous minerals. by the oxidation of a sulphide deposit to iron oxides minerals, ironstone is found in Colorado, USA.

IGNEOUS ROCKS 63 Pillow Lava When basalt is extruded under water it forms a ball of lava with a thin solid skin. 2–1m in diameter, and settle on top of one another, becoming pillow-shaped. They have basalt interiors with chilled edges of finer grained basalt, often altered. Sometimes they have radially-oriented vesicles. Rubbly material or quartz fills the small spaces between pillows. bottoms and rounded tops of this pillow lava, show it has the same orientation as when the lava was extruded. 1–1m.

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