By A. Bowdoin van Van Riper
Starting with global conflict II, missiles remodeled the artwork of conflict. For the 1st time, towns of warring countries have been susceptible to surprising, unannounced, long-distance destruction. while, rockets made attainable one of many nice triumphs of the trendy age—the exploration of area. Rockets and Missiles lines the historical past of the know-how that resulted in either the nice worry of world war, and the good pleasure of the gap Age. starting with the origins of rocketry in medieval and early glossy Asia, the amount makes a speciality of rocketry in late-20th-century Western Europe, Russia, and the us, and in addition covers the unfold of rocket know-how in East Asia, the center East, and elsewhere.Rockets and Missiles covers every thing any pupil or layperson would have to comprehend the background of rocketry. The creation experiences simple rules of physics and simple components of chemical rocket expertise. Chapters hint the historical past of rockets from their origins to the current day, with a selected emphasis at the years given that global conflict II. All 3 important makes use of of rocket expertise are lined intimately: missiles as long-range strategic guns and short-range tactical guns, and rockets as release automobiles for sending payloads into area The ebook concludes with a survey of various kinds of non-chemical rockets now below improvement to be used in outer house. whereas Rockets and Missiles covers the advance of the expertise, together with how rockets greater in functionality, reliability, and flexibility. The ebook additionally stresses the influence of rocket technology—both army and civilian—on daily life.
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Additional info for Rockets and Missiles: The Life Story of a Technology
Nautilus, the submarine in Verne’s Twenty Thousand Leagues under the Sea (1870), has the look, feel, and performance of a modern nuclear submarine. The airship in Clipper of the Clouds (1886) 26 Ro c ke t s a n d M i s s i l e s anticipates the dirigibles of the early twentieth century. Wells, in his ﬁrst “scientiﬁc romance,” imagined a time machine that would allow his hero to witness the future of human evolution and see the Earth as a half-frozen planet orbiting a dying Sun. Writing just before World War I, Wells anticipated tanks in “The Land Ironclads” (1904), aerial bombing in The War in the Air (1908), and nuclear weapons in The World Set Free (1914).
Henry Trengrouse, witness to a December 1807 shipwreck near his home in southwest England, developed one early version shortly afterward. Trengrouse’s logic was elegant. Most ships were wrecked within sight of shore, but wind and sea conditions often made it difﬁcult for the crew to reach shore or for rescuers to row to their aid. A line stretched from ship to shore would improve the odds, and a rocket could easily carry one hundreds of yards, even in the teeth of a gale. He argued that the rockets should be ﬁred from ship to shore, so that onshore winds (the cause of most shipwrecks) would aid rather than retard its ﬂight.
In the United States, however, the story unfolded differently. Military interest in rockets focused on their potential as a supplementary power source that would help heavily laden aircraft get off the ground quickly. Commander (later Captain) Robert Truax, head of the Navy’s rocket program, had short aircraft-carrier decks in mind. General Henry H. Arnold, commander of what was then the Army Air Corps, planned to enhance the giant, longrange bombers that he believed represented the future of air power.