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This quantity displays the most recent paintings of students specialising within the linguistic and criminal elements of normative texts throughout languages (English, Danish, French, Italian, Spanish) and legislation structures. Like different domain names of specialized language use, felony discourse is topic to the converging pressures of internationalisation and of rising practices that destabilise well-established norms and workouts. In an built-in, interdependent context, supranational legislation, ideas and approaches are progressively constructed and harmonised to manage concerns that could not be handled by way of nationwide legislation by myself, as with regards to the ecu Union. The members talk about the impression of such advancements at the building, evolution and hybridisation of criminal texts, analysed either linguistically and from the practitioner's viewpoint.

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The reason for this lies in the need, at the heart of legal discourse, to specify or restrict the reach of certain assertions and therefore the interpretation that the receiver has to make. Indeed, many examples of this construction [q, if p] are found in the legal documents of our corpus. These two syntactic patterns correspond, in turn, to two slightly different functions. When the subordinate clause does not constitute a separated unit in itself (that is: [q if p]), it expresses semantic restrictions or modifications with respect to the main clause to which it is related, as the following example illustrates: (25) Tampoco estarán sujetas a dicho gravamen por tales operaciones las entidades cuya sede de dirección efectiva se encuentre en países no pertenecientes a la Unión Europea si su domicilio social está situado en un Estado miembro de la Unión Europea distinto de España.

11 A Webcorp search of British news discourse demonstrates that the newly coined protected designation of origin has become as popular as the older French form, generating 27 instances and 28 of appellation controlee. Certainly, the results of my search of words in this section prove that French influence on English legal discourse is fairly strong in draft documents and questions to the commission written by the nonexpert and that its influence on general language is different in the two main varieties of English.

The link between the language of law and the history and culture of each country is so strong that it has caused words to gain and lose connotations within different jurisdictions. Furthermore, these divergences can sometimes lead to confusion in general language. As an illustration of semantic diversity already present in English, a lexicographic search of the terms larceny and felony demonstrated that the numerous competing meanings between the two in ordinary language are attributable to recent changes within the British and American jurisdictions.

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