By Shireen Hunter, Shireen T Hunter
This compelling quantity introduces the present new release of reasonable reformist thinkers and activists inside Islam, the highbrow traditions they bring on, and the explanations why reformist events in a few nations and areas were overshadowed by means of fundamentalist, progressive, and jihadist pursuits within the Islamic global at the present time.
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Additional resources for Reformist Voices of Islam: Mediating Islam and Modernity
Another reason for the victory of the traditionalists was that the rationalists were accused of having been unduly influenced by Greek philosophies, thus deviating from the true Islam. In a similar vein, many of today’s Muslim reformist thinkers are accused by their opponents of being unduly influenced by foreign philosophies. 66 This turn of events had significant and wide-ranging ramifications for the development of Islamic law, theology, philosophy, science, and in general for the overall intellectual development of the Muslim world.
Meanwhile, Muslims living as minorities in the West face new and different sets of issues, especially as posed by the challenge of integration in their adopted countries without total loss of their religious and cultural identity. Consequently, issues that preoccupy reformist thinkers in Europe and the United States are, in many respects, different from those that concern thinkers in Muslim countries. For example, a main preoccupation of Muslim thinkers in Europe and the United States is to develop what they call a “jurisprudence of minorities” to answer the needs of Muslims living as minorities in non-Muslim countries.
Erdogan, the party’s leader, became prime minister in 2003, and in 2007 a key member, Abdullah Gul, was elected to the presidency by the Turkish parliament. Islamist movements in the Arab world did not make this kind of successful transition into mainstream politics and movement toward fundamental reform. This inability to reform was largely the result of the politically closed nature of Arab governments and the lack of a long democratic tradition such as Turkey’s (albeit under the watchful eye of the military).