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By Nicholas Evans (Ed.), Alice Gaby (Ed.), Stephen C. Levinson (Ed.), Asifa Majid (Ed.)

Reciprocals are an more and more sizzling subject in linguistic learn. This displays the intersection of numerous components: the semantic and syntactic complexity of reciprocal buildings, their centrality to a few key issues of linguistic theorizing (such as Binding stipulations on anaphors inside executive and Binding Theory), and the centrality of reciprocity to theories of social constitution, human evolution and social cognition. No latest paintings, even though, tackles the query of precisely what reciprocal structures suggest cross-linguistically. Is there a unmarried, Platonic ‘reciprocal’ that means present in all languages, or is there a cluster of comparable thoughts that are still very unlikely to represent in any unmarried approach? that's the vital objective of this quantity, and it develops and explains new options for tackling this question. while, it confronts a extra normal challenge dealing with semantic typology: tips on how to examine a class cross-linguistically with out pre-loading the definition of the phenomenon at the foundation of what's present in extra prevalent languages.

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The stimuli on the left are the clips most likely to be excluded from the range of the reciprocal constructions we consider here. These include two-participant asymmetrical events and asymmetric radial events. Most languages clearly distinguished these events from the others. Overall this analysis shows that across languages there is relatively little differentiation of the various reciprocal parameters built into our stimulus set. If the main reciprocal strategies of languages differed substantially in the kinds of action or ‘event-types’ they included in their scope then there would be much more differentiation between the clips in this plot.

These include two-participant asymmetrical events and asymmetric radial events. Most languages clearly distinguished these events from the others. Overall this analysis shows that across languages there is relatively little differentiation of the various reciprocal parameters built into our stimulus set. If the main reciprocal strategies of languages differed substantially in the kinds of action or ‘event-types’ they included in their scope then there would be much more differentiation between the clips in this plot.

2008. The intersection between reflexives and reciprocals: A grammaticalization perspective. In Reflexivity and Reciprocity: Crosslinguistic Explorations, Ekkehard König & Volker Gast (eds), 169–223. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. Higginbotham, James. 1980. Reciprocal interpretation. Journal of Linguistic Research 1(3): 97–117. Jespersen, Otto. 1927. A Modern English Grammar on Historical Principles, Part III, Vol. 2: Syntax. Heidelberg: Carl Winter. Kemmer, Suzanne. 1993. The Middle Voice [Typological Studies in Language 23].

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