By Damon Ieremia Salesa
The Victorians have been serious about intersections among diversified races. no matter if in sexual or family partnerships, in interracial young children, racially various groups or societies, those 'racial crossings' have been an enduring Victorian challenge. yet in an period of imperial enlargement, while slavery used to be abolished, colonial wars have been fought, and Britain itself used to be reformed, those matters have been greater than educational. In either the British empire and imperial Britain, racial crossings formed what humans considered race, the long run, the previous, and the behavior and probabilities of empire. Victorian fears of miscegenation and degeneration are renowned; this research turns to it appears contrary rules the place racial crossing used to be obvious as a way of development, a manner of making new societies, or a method for furthering the rule of thumb of legislations and the dominion of Heaven. Salesa explores how and why the preoccupation with racial crossings got here to be so very important, so diverse, and so extensively shared in the course of the writings and stories of a raft of members: from Victorian politicians and writers, to philanthropists and scientists, to these on the razor's fringe of empire - from squaddies, missionaries, and settlers, to 'natives', 'half-castes' and different colonized humans. Anchored within the notable heritage of colonial New Zealand, the place the colonial coverage of 'racial amalgamation' sought to include and intermarry settlers and New Zealand M=aori, Racial Crossings examines colonial encounters, operating heavily with indigenous rules and reports, to place Victorian racial perform and proposal into sharp, severe, reduction.
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Extra info for Racial Crossings: Race, Intermarriage, and the Victorian British Empire (Oxford Historical Monographs)
420. 14 He was also notorious, having been jailed for kidnapping an underage heiress and forcing her to marry him. 15 But although the leading light, Wakeﬁeld was by no means the sole author of Company policy. 18 This strange trio of a philosophic radical charlatan, a Whig secretary and a Tory vicar gave birth to the Company’s initial formulations of racial amalgamation. Hawtrey extended their ﬁrst rumblings to a book-length treatment of racial amalgamation and native policy. 19 But if some of its trappings were unusual, underpinning them was a common belief: the separation of races would ensure permanent inequality.
Paterson, ‘Kiri Ma, Kiri Mangu’, pp. A. Pocock, The Discovery of Islands: Essays in British History (Cambridge, 2005), pp. 199–225. 64 Anne Stoler, Carnal Knowledge and Imperial Power: Race and the Intimate in Colonial Rule (Berkeley, 2002), p. 206. 65 Sander L. Gilman, Difference and Pathology: Stereotypes of Sexuality, Race, and Madness (Ithaca, 1985), p. 25. 66 James Scott, Seeing Like a State: How Certain Schemes to Improve the Human Condition Have Failed (New Haven, 1998), pp. 11–83; cf. Nicholas Thomas, Colonialism’s Culture: Anthropology, Travel and Government (Cambridge, 1994), p.
79. 67 Treating the parameters of the problem of racial crossing broadly requires holding multiple ﬁelds and grains of analysis in view. An opportune moment for this is the development of ‘systematic colonization’ as idea and as intended practice, the subject of Chapter 1. This came to ﬁxate on an idea of incorporating different populations or races—‘racial amalgamation’—and this initially surprising turn can only be understood with reference to multiple contemporary developments, from evangelicalism, the abolition of slavery, the attempted union of Upper and Lower Canada, domestic reform in Britain, and desires to re-energize, perfect and make proﬁtable the process of colonization.