By Rajmohan Gandhi
For hundreds of years, the fertile land of 5 rivers within the north of the Indian subcontinent was once coveted via various empires and invaders. during this, the 1st significant account of undivided Punjab, award-winning historian, biographer and student, Rajmohan Gandhi, strains its heritage in the course of its such a lot tumultuous part from the dying of Aurangzeb, within the early eighteenth century, to its brutal partition in 1947, coinciding with the departure of the British.
counting on clean assets in addition to prior money owed supplied from opposing views, the writer offers us a compelling narrative in regards to the nice occasions of the time within the zone the battles and tragedies that oftentimes disrupted the lives of normal Punjabis, the sacking of iconic towns like Lahore, Amritsar, Multan and Jalandhar by way of a succession of conquerors, the ravages wrought through invaders like Nadir Shah, the increase of the Sikhs culminating within the storied reign of Maharaja Ranjit Singh, Britain s winning wars opposed to the Sikh nation, the good uprising of 1857 and its influence on Punjab, imperialist machinations, the effect at the humans through leaders of the independence flow like Mahatma Gandhi, Muhammad Ali Jinnah and Lala Lajpat Rai, as additionally key nearby figures equivalent to Fazl-i-Husain, grasp Tara Singh, Sikander Hayat Khan and Khizr Hayat Tiwana, the devastation of Partition and masses else in addition to.
Believing that smooth India and Pakistan can't be understood with no comprehending the Punjab that used to be, the writer additionally delves into the assumption of Punjabiyat Punjabiness the literature and poetry of inventive giants like Bulleh Shah, Waris Shah, Iqbal, Amrita Pritam and Saadat Hasan Manto, the religious teachings of the Sikh specialists and Sufi saints, and, exceptionally, the testimonials and narratives of normal Punjabis, to create an unforgettable portrait of a spot undivided Punjab - that maintains to fascinate us (even even though it broke up greater than six many years in the past) and of its hard-tested and resilient humans, Hindu, Muslim and Sikh.
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Extra info for Punjab: A History from Aurangzeb to Mountbatten
The salience of Punjab’s Unionist Party from the 1920s and the initial slowness with which Muslim Punjabis embraced the call for Pakistan are also looked at. Towards the end, the study addresses two interconnected yet separate questions which Punjabis and non-Punjabis continue to ask. Why did partition occur? And why did upheaval and tragedy accompany it? A short subsequent chapter provides a few true stories of insaniyat’s victories over the tragedy-cum-insanity of 1947. Trends after 1947 in divided Punjab, and prospects for the future, are lightly touched upon in the concluding chapter, which should be seen as a postscript.
1757-1799: Adina Beg Khan, Afghans and the Sikhs 4. 1799-1849: Ranjit Singh and His Successors 5. 1849-1859: British Punjab and the 1857 Rebellion 6. 1859-1919: Imperial High Noon 7. 1919-1922: Together for Freedom 8. 1922-1942: Collaboration and the Separation Call 9. 1942-1947: Independence and Trauma 10. 1947: Insaniyat Amidst Insanity 11. Postscript: Divided Punjab and the Future of Punjabiyat Notes Bibliography Index PREFACE Apart from the considerations cited in the Introduction that follows, personal reasons drove me to understand and tell this story.
Bhinders, Chahals, Chathas, Cheemas, Dhillons, Gills, Maans, Sandhus, Sidhus, Siyals and Waraiches were only some of the hundreds of Punjab’s Jatt clans. 17 Though we have unavoidably spoken of ‘Hindus’, ‘Muslims’ and ‘Sikhs’ in pre-British Punjab, we should remember that classifying and counting people as Hindus, Muslims or Sikhs was a British idea to begin with. Before British officials started to record a Punjabi’s religion, the latter did not necessarily or primarily think of himself as a Muslim, Hindu or Sikh.