By John B. Watson
Excerpt from Psychology From the point of view of a Behaviorist
While the anxious procedure, muscular tissues and glands were given slightly precise therapy in chapters, it really is learned that merely the especially scholar will grasp them. they are often passed over with no injuring the continuity of the textual content. i've got given only a few neurological schemes and mind images within the closing elements of the textual content, simply because, commonly, such static pic tures intervene with the student's seize of functionality. At most sensible, they're lazy substitutes for a extra thorough examine of the func tion itself.
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Additional info for Psychology from the Standpoint of a Behaviorist
A t present there is no way of using instrumentation where the individual or group has to be observed for long periods of time, as, for example, in sleep, reaction of crowds to emotionproducing stimuli, and the influence of children upon each other. —In general, in most psychological investigations of the laboratory type, where accuracy and control in observation are demanded, the experimenter makes his observations upon one, or, at best, a few subjects. In addition to the instruments necessary to make observations, we must control certain aspects of the subject's environment—depending upon the nature of the experiment, we place him in a dark room, or in a well-lighted room; we leave him in the room alone, or make him react before other people.
Leads the psychologist into the psychiatric clinic if he wishes to prepare himself to the fullest extent. Business and law are making ever and ever larger demands upon him. Some familiarity with legal and business problems is almost essential. Finally, in order to handle adequately experimental data some training in the use of statistical methods is needed. I f a start is made early enough by the student who is preparing for psychology, he can obtain training in the above related branches before he begins his special study of psychology.
Certain divisions of psychology have all but resisted the use of instrumentation. There have been few experimental studies upon emotional reactions (page 198), few upon internal muscular reactions, and, until recently, few upon the internal responses connected with hunger, thirst, and the temperature responses to stimulation of the alimentary tract. Few, if any, experiments have succeeded in bringing the sub-vocal mechanisms under control. Indeed, many of the glandular responses have, from a psychological standpoint, not been touched—for example, the possible conditioned reflexes which we may find in the thyroid, adrenal, and sex glands, and in the secretions of the kidneys.