By Frans Oosterhuis, Frieder Rubik, Gerd Scholl (auth.)
Product coverage in Europe: New Environmental Perspectives provides an outline and review of a comparatively new zone of environmental coverage in Europe. while the extra `traditional' surroundings coverage in most cases offers with person emissions, waste and ingredients, product coverage is a extra entire technique addressing the environmental affects of goods in the course of their complete existence cycle. The research reports the present scenario and the customers for product coverage within the european and Switzerland. It indicates the connection with different components of environmental coverage and the capability function of recent tools and methods. 4 case reports (on paint, batteries, public procurement and eco-labelling) illustrate the limitations and possibilities of product coverage.
Environmental coverage makers and coverage analysts will locate worthy info and suggestions during this e-book. it's also written if you have a certified curiosity in lowering the environmental impression of goods, together with advertising managers, product builders, procurement officials and employees contributors of environmental and buyer corporations, standardisation and certification associations, etc.
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Extra resources for Product Policy in Europe: New Environmental Perspectives
All human activities take place in a system often called technosphere, which is part of the ecosphere. 1). The technosphere uses three different types of input: (a) biological resources from natural areas; (b) agricultural, forestrial and fishing products from cultivated areas; (c) geological materials, air and water. 39 F. Oosterhuis, F. Rubik, G. Scholl, Product Policy in Europe: New Environmental Perspectives, © 1996 Kluwer Academic Publishers. 1: A global input-output model (Source: Bringezu 1993, p.
Broadening implies that the range of objectives of product policy could be broadened by a more general recognition of the need to reduce the throughput of products and to close substance flow cycles. Furthermore, the variety of applied instruments will probably increase and the number of actively involved actors will grow. In addition, the range of products to which product policy applies might be expanded. Deepening of product policy means that all actors will increasingly depend and rely on more and better environment-related information and information exchange will become more intensive.
The objective (strategy) of reducing the quantity of products deserves more attention. A4. A multi-objective policy approach might be able to exploit synergies, when possible trade-offs have been thoroughly screened before. AS. Product policies should take the entire life-cycle of the product into account. A6. g. own department in environmental ministries, national product information centres). A7. Social embedding is also needed. This requires transparency and financial capacity. A8. The concept of shared responsibility should be elaborated on the basis of practical experience.