Download Pro Apache Ant : [learn to use Apache Ant, the standard by Matthew Modie PDF

By Matthew Modie

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The first three I will describe allow you to specify properties that can easily be changed from build to build, which allows you to configure the build for the local environment. The fourth technique allows you to incorporate certain conditions in your build files so that different results are obtained depending on the local environment. ■Note The first three techniques are by far the most common, but you may find conditional processing useful. You should at this stage, however, form the opinion that you can treat Ant as a scripting tool.

Ant works through them one at a time until they all succeed or one fails. The element has more attributes, but these use properties, which I haven’t covered yet. I’ll do so now. Working with Properties While you write an Ant build file in XML, Ant has a few tricks up its sleeve to make the build file as flexible as possible. This is particularly important when working with platform-independent build files. Hard-coding directory paths and filenames is not a good idea in any area of programming, and you should attempt to avoid it in your source code.

Introducing Ant’s Build File Syntax The XML specification allows you to describe data in a structured form. As such, it is an extremely effective format for build files, which, as you are now aware, describe the structure of the project build process. Examining the Project Element Each XML document must be well formed, meaning it must have a root element that contains all other elements and each element must be closed by a closing element or must be a standalone, self-closing element. The root element of every Ant build file is the element, so every Ant build file must contain the lines shown in Listing 3-1 at a bare minimum.

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