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By Steve Beaudoin

A certainly international survey of worldwide poverty from 1500 to the current day, Poverty in global historical past focuses upon the interval from round 1500 onwards while poverty turned a world factor, and makes use of the method of globalization because the leader lens in which to check and comprehend poverty in international historical past. the result's either a tying jointly of vital strands of global background, and an exam of fixing attitudes in the direction of poverty and negative reduction in the course of the global. This broad ranging learn underscores a huge end result of elevated cultural and fiscal interplay one of the world's societies, highlighting the similarities and alterations in affects and responses to the resulting 'smaller' globe. subject matters contain: ideas in early glossy terrible reduction the reasons of traits in the direction of a globalization of poverty after 1500 bad reduction considering that 1945 to the current poverty, morality and the nation.

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Extra resources for Poverty in World History (Themes in World Historyá)

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It brought New World crops and minerals into a trading system that included, but was not limited to, African slaves, Indian textiles, Chinese porcelains, East Indian spices, and Western firearms. Second, and more important, it had a greater impact on the societies that participated in it. Before the sixteenth century, trade networks touched relatively few people beyond those areas directly surrounding trade routes. Only a small minority Poverty in the emerging global economy 37 made a living from that trade or enjoyed the goods that traveled over their land and sea routes.

Some scholars have linked it to population growth based on New World plants like manioc in subSaharan Africa, the sweet potato in China, and the potato in Europe. Others emphasize even more far-reaching consequences. Indeed, some historians argue that the world economy shaped significant aspects of the different societies that participated in global trade. The most famous of these scholars is Immanuel Wallerstein. In the new “world system,” according to Wallerstein, the sixteenthcentury world separates into roughly four groups: core, semi-periphery, periphery, and external.

Scripture dictated eight categories of beneficiaries, which included Muslims who could not provide for themselves or their families, indentured slaves, debtors, holy warriors who were not compensated by the state, needy travelers, and non-Muslims who supported Islam. Ironically, those whom the government charged with collecting zakat were also eligible to receive it. Of course, there was some disagreement over who on this list was most deserving, and what exactly constituted need. Al-Ghazzali, for example, argued that ascetics were most deserving, because they had abandoned the comforts of the material world.

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