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By Owen Aldis

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Specializations for catching burrowing prey are reflected in play. Cats, as w e have seen, have a strong tendency to paw or "scoop" through holes in play. In addition, kittens that I have raised would frequently engage in chasing and play-fighting games under a light bedspread. Rensch and Ducker (1959) report even more pronounced behavior of this kind in several mongoose species. Mongooses will frequently crawl under blankets, table cloths, up pants legs, into pockets, and so on. Like cats, they will hide objects in holes and then retrieve them.

Primates do most of their wrestling in arboreal positions. This means that they assume a much wider variety of postural positions, depending upon the bars, shelves, meshed wire, etc. in zoos that they are resting upon, than the more stereotyped positions of carnivores. However, the wrestling of the semiterrestial primates, such as the baboon and patas monkey, that occurs on the ground is very similar to that of dogs. Baboon species show marked sexual differences in their style of wrestling. Female hamadryas baboons that I have observed may wrestle and mouth one another in close contact with their arms closely wrapped about 38/ WRESTLING Male savanna baboons wrestling.

Rensch and Ducker speculate that the tactile stimulation (along and back and sides) of crawling in holes in positively reinforcing. Dabbling in Water A number of carnivores, most notably the racoon species, are also specialized in catching prey by "dabbling" in shallow water. In captivity, I have seen adult North American racoons take objects to pans of water in their cage and grope or dabble for them there. This is often called play, since it has no immediate function, but it is probably more accurately classified as an overflow activity (Bastock, Morris, & Moynihan, 1954).

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