By Walco G.A. (ed.), Goldschneider K.R. (ed.)
From the experiences: ''The publication is a complete and functional advisor to the analysis and administration of acute and persistent ache stipulations in young children. … each one bankruptcy is definitely prepared and ends with precious summaries of take-home issues. … discomfort in kids does an exceptional activity of highlighting the big influence soreness could have at the baby and the relations. It emphasizes the pivotal position pediatricians and different fundamental care clinicians play in selecting, diagnosing, and dealing with pediatric pain.''
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Additional info for Pain in Children: A Practical Guide for Primary Care
Through this span of time, pain is an important and influential feature of life. There is a higher probability of certain painful events, including teething, earaches, reflux, and immunizations. Individual differences in reactivity become apparent even at this young age. At about 6 to 8 months of age, improved cognitive competence becomes evident as children learn to anticipate painful events. They display anticipatory distress, exercise effort to avoid procedures, and display anger. Behavioral reactions 16 remain vigorous, although diminishing somewhat in vigor throughout infancy as vocalizations come to control the reactions of caregivers, suggesting that pain is more severe in the earlier months of life than later in infancy [15, 40].
McGrath PJ, Craig KD. Developmental and psychological factors in children’s pain. Pediatr Clin North Am 1989;36:823–836. 16. Claar RL, Walker LS, Smith CA. The influence of appraisals in understanding children’s experiences with medical procedures. J Pediatr Psychol 2002;27:553–563. 17. Bennett-Branson SM, Craig KD. Postoperative pain in children: Developmental and family influences on spontaneous coping strategies. Can J Behav Sci 1993;25:355–383. 18. Walker LS, Smith CA, Garber J, Claar RL. Testing a model of pain appraisal and coping in children with chronic abdominal pain.
43. Pillai Riddell RR, Badali MA, Craig KD. Parental judgments of infant pain: Importance of perceived cognitive abilities, behavioral cues and contextual cues. Pain Research and Management 2004;9:73–80. 44. Goubert L, Craig KD, Vervoort T, Morley S, Sullivan MJL, Williams A, Cano A, Crombez G. Facing others in pain: the effects of empathy. Pain 2005;118:286–288. 45. Leikin L, Firestone P, McGrath PJ. Physical symptom reporting in Type A and Type B children. J Consult Clin Psychol 1988;56:721–726.