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By Clive Oxenden, Christina Latham-Koenig, Paul Seligson, Lindsay Clandfield, Francesa Target

Книга New English dossier New English dossier Книги Иностранные языки Автор: Clive Oxenden, Christina Latham-Koenig, Paul Seligson, Lindsay Clandfield, Francesa objective Год издания: 2004 Формат: djvu Издат.:Oxford college Press Страниц: 238 Размер: 6 Mb ISBN: 0194384268 Язык: Английский0 (голосов: zero) Оценка:The ordinary coursebook that will get scholars speaking, and that is helping academics and scholars greater than the other.

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This explosion of mechanisms is reflected in the notation, so Change, Chance, and Optimality with tableaux becoming more complex and creatively presented by the day: we now find (see Bermudez-Otero 1999: 14, 146) not only the familiar pointy hands, but pointy hands pointing backwards ~ for transparent losing candidates, sad faces ® for counterfactually losing candidates, stars ~ and flowers @ in cases of sympathy, and unexploded bombs ~: for counterfactually winning candidates. It is comforting to know that the Wingdings font still includes any number of unused fancy arrows and other arcana like signs of the zodiac, ripe for OT exploitation.

These seem fairly cut-and-dried statements, and instead of parametric variation, Prince and Smolensky presumably envisage such constraints as ranking high in languages like Lardil, but low to the point of invisibility in languages where geminates or f t occur frequently. This implies that there are innate constraints referring to every possible segment or sequence type, and that the learner has to suppress these constraints during acquisition in rather the way 22 Change, Chance, and Optimality assumed in Natural Generative Phonology, where children are seen as suspending natural rules which they are predisposed to apply, just in case these are not manifested in the relevant input data (Stampe 1972; Donegan 1993).

For intrusive [r], McCarthy's r-insertion rule will be indexed with FINAL-C, and constitutes a repair strategy triggered by violation of that constraint, the interaction between the two being determined by the Elsewhere Condition. For this proposal to work, however, Blevins must reject the parallel version of Gen preferred by Prince and Smolensky (1993) for an alternative serial-sequential model. It is clear that this interesting approach will circumscribe Gen, but various open questions remain.

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