By Jeannette Littlemore
'Metonymy' is one of those figurative language utilized in daily dialog, a sort of shorthand that enables us to exploit our shared wisdom to speak with fewer phrases than we'd differently want. 'I'll pencil you in' and 'let me offer you a hand' are either examples of metonymic language. Metonymy serves quite a lot of communicative features equivalent to textual harmony, humour, irony, euphemism and hyperbole - all of which play a key function within the improvement of language and discourse groups. utilizing actual info all through, this publication exhibits how metonymy operates, not only in language, but additionally in gesture, signal language, paintings, track, movie and ads. It explores the function of metonymy in cross-cultural communique, in addition to the demanding situations it provides to language freshmen and translators. excellent for researchers and scholars in linguistics and literature, in addition to lecturers and basic readers drawn to the artwork of conversation.
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Extra info for Metonymy: Hidden Shortcuts in Language, Thought and Communication (Cambridge Studies in Cognitive Linguistics)
Webcorp) The giant African land snail is the largest species of snail found on land. (Webcorp) In English, it is possible to use this construction about people, but because it is more usually used to describe animals, it has acquired a negative semantic prosody (Louw, 1993), which makes it insulting. In the Bank of English, constructions such as this are most likely to appear in the right-wing popular press and reﬂect racist attitudes: The Italian is far more bothered with how he looks. (BofE) According to Radden’s analysis, the use of this particular metonymy would put Italians on the same level as animals, which explains why it comes across as Types of metonymy and their behaviour 39 sounding bigoted.
In the Bank of English, ‘wood’ in the context of golf only appeared as part of a name of a golf club (a golfer can choose between a ‘1-wood’, a ‘2-wood’ or a ‘3-wood’). Presenting a paper refers to the act of speaking at a conference. However the actual details of what is involved in ‘presenting a paper’ vary signiﬁcantly across different academic disciplines. e. literally ‘present’) paper copies of their talk to members of the audience. In other disciplines, this would be unheard of, and the speaker would be expected to speak more naturally, perhaps using PowerPoint, or simply talk without notes.
Research suggests that constructions carry their own meanings and that they are stored in the long-term memory. This reﬂects the mutually dependent relationship that can exist between phraseology and metonymy. Because these words are used within this particular construction, their meanings are shaped and squeezed into something different from what might be seen as their ‘basic’ senses. The technical term for this process is ‘coercion’, and, as we can see in these examples, it often involves metonymy.