By Janice E. Thomson
The modern association of world violence is neither undying nor common, argues Janice Thomson. it really is distinctively sleek. during this ebook she examines how the current association of the realm into violence-monopolizing sovereign states advanced over the six previous centuries.
Read or Download Mercenaries, Pirates, and Sovereigns: State-building and Extraterritorial Violence in Early Modern Europe PDF
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Additional info for Mercenaries, Pirates, and Sovereigns: State-building and Extraterritorial Violence in Early Modern Europe
120 The Dutch East India Company was chartered primarily to trade. ”121 Other companies were chartered to establish colonies or plantations. For example, both the English Plymouth Company and Virginia Company were licensed to establish colonies in North America. Generally, the trading companies operated in the East, while the plantation/colonial companies concentrated in the New World. It is important to note at the outset that these companies varied across countries in their degree of private versus state control.
82 As previously noted, the Dutch loaned regiments to German princelings during the Seven Years’ War, but they also provided troops for the British army. C. : Infantry Journal, 1944), 20; Fritz Redlich, The German Military Enterpriser and His Work Force: A Study in European Economic and Social History (Wiesbaden: Franz Steiner Verlag GMBH, 1965), 2:179, 200, and 201; John Childs, Armies and Warfare in Europe, 1648–1789 (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1982), 42, 47, and 48; C. C. 83 When Catherine the Great refused to rent twenty thousand troops to Britain in its war with the American colonies, Britain attempted to hire the United Provinces’ Scots Brigade.
72 From 1690 to 1716 the Julich Berg army was paid for by the Netherlands. 75 At the same time, however, German states also employed foreigners. In 1705 two-ﬁfths of Bavarian army ofﬁcers were foreigners—Italians and Frenchmen. 80 Frederick the Great recruited all over the Holy Roman Empire, especially in the free towns and the ecclesiastical principalities. At the onset of the Seven Years’ War he attempted to incorporate the entire Saxon army into his own. After the war he recruited as far away as Italy and Switzerland.