By Peter Hamilton
The fundamental hindrance of this research is to give, elucidate and examine the advancements that have characterised the sociology of information, and that have set for it the outlines of its significant problematics. Peter Hamilton examines the main exact methods to the determinate dating among wisdom and social constitution. He considers the 3 major ‘pre-paradigms’ of the sociology of information in keeping with the paintings of Marx, Durkheim and Weber, and appears on the contribution of Scheler, Mannheim and phenomenological reports to this advanced box. He explores the highbrow context, fairly that of Enlightenment philosophy, within which the issues eager about generating a sociology of information first got here to gentle. In end, the writer indicates an inclusive standpoint for forthcoming the problems posed in any try to describe and clarify family members among wisdom and social structure.
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Additional info for Knowledge and Social Structure: An Introduction to the Classical Argument in the Sociology of Knowledge
The work is a testing out of Feuerbachian materialismthere is much talk of its 'empirical' basis-and an attempt by Marx to conceptualize the primary characteristics of bourgeois social relations in a world coming to be dominated by capitalism. 7 The second part of the manuscripts forms an analysis of Hegel's Phenomenology oJ Spirit, and a criticism of Hegel's idealism, which Marx contrasts with his own consistent naturaIism-a form of humanism which avoids both idealism and (Feuerbachian) materialism.
It is important to be aware that Marx's development of the notion of ideology here is quite clearly different from that developed by the 'bourgeois rationalists'-or philosophes-of the eighteenth century. For them, ecclesiastic or aristocratic elites propagated 'superstitions' about God, law, social relationships so as to intentionally conceal the real situation from the dominated social groups, to conceal the fact of their immoral exercise of power. But for Marx, both proletariat and bourgeois alike, ruled and ruler, are subject to ideological conceptions and accept them as true because of their mutual existence in a system of social relations.
Contradictory, because of the practical antagonism between production forces and social structure, itself a function of the division of labour. In this formulation, the division of labour, by fixing men into specific social relationships produces a social structure in which the individual and the community necessarily conflict because of their opposing interests; this conflict is formalized and perpetuated by the transformations of the community into an abstract state, which whilst it is divorced formally from both individual and community is still based on the real relationships between them.