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By R. L. Trask, Bill Mayblin

Overlaying thinkers from Aristotle to Saussure and Chomsky, "Introducing Linguistics" finds the principles and sweetness that underlie language, our such a lot human ability.

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5 66. An inanimate noun can denote both singular and plural, o r better collective, just like the English word 'sheep'. 6 is both 'house' and 'houses' or rather 'complex of houses', gud is 'ox' as well as 'oxen'/ 'herd of oxen'. Inanimate nouns have thus n o plural forms, but they can be reduplicated and thus denote a totality: kur-kur 'all the foreign lands'. § 67. As regards animate nouns, the single stem may probably also denote collective (see ensiz in ex. 20), but in general plural is expressed by the suffix /-enel (see 5 69).

Letter B 1, 26) Q 127. ' (cf. Krecher, 1966 p. 101; 114). Several forms of /me/ and /me-n/ are Iisted in OBCT I col. X (= MSL IV p. ). 8 128. ', serves as indefinite pronoun with both animate and inanimate: 'anyone, anything'; with negative verbal form: 'no one, nothing'. me, but it is also used alone like in ex. 93. me is both ergative (ex. 92,93) and absolutive (ex. 94). me-35 na-an-tum, lna-i-n-tum-el 'he must not bring it to any other place' (TCS I nr. gi-el, /bi-n-gar/ 'no one should lay a claim!

Nu corresponds to Summa l l 'except' (see Sjoberg, 1973a p. 128; von Soden, 1952 § 114i). nar-nu 'except the art of singing' (Father and Son 110) 5 147. According to B. Alster, 1972a p. 119, tukumbi is also used in the sense 'certainly' (see example 1972a p. ' (Dumuzi's Dream 207) $ 148. )/, literally 'on the day', is also used in the sense 'when' and 'if'. As a rule, also after ud-da the verb is hamtu. )/ 'if you go to the city, nobody shall go with YOU' (Lugalbanda and Enmerkar 287) Modal Adverbs 8 149.

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