Download Introducing Arguments by Liina Pylkkänen PDF

By Liina Pylkkänen

This concise paintings deals a compositional conception of verbal argument constitution in traditional languages that specializes in how arguments that aren't “core” arguments of the verb (arguments that aren't brought via verbal roots themselves) are brought into argument buildings. Liina Pylkkänen indicates that the kind of argument constitution version that enables extra noncore arguments is a pervasive estate of human language and that almost all languages have verbs that express this habit. it'd be common to hypothesize that the grammatical parts that let for this alteration are an identical in numerous languages, yet Pylkkänen, bringing up the diversities among the inventories of verbs that let extra arguments in English and Venda, exhibits the problems during this assumption. both the noncore arguments are brought through diverse components with varied distributions, she argues, or the introducing components are an analogous and a few different issue is answerable for the distributional distinction. Distinguishing among those kinds of motives and articulating the homes of argument-introducing parts is the essence of Pylkkänen’s conception. Investigating the grammatical components that let the addition of noncore arguments, Pylkkänen argues that the creation of extra arguments is basically carried by means of seven practical heads. Following Chomsky, she claims that those belong to a common stock of practical components from which a specific language needs to make its choice. Cross-linguistic version, she argues, has resources: choice; and how a language applications the chosen parts into syntactic heads. Liina Pylkkänen is Assistant Professor of Linguistics and Psychology at NYU.

Show description

Read Online or Download Introducing Arguments PDF

Best linguistics books

A Companion to the Philosophy of Language (Blackwell Companions to Philosophy)

Written by way of a world meeting of best philosophers, this quantity offers a survey of up to date philosophy of language. in addition to delivering a synoptic view of the most important matters, figures, strategies and debates, each one essay makes new and unique contributions to ongoing debate. issues lined contain: rule following, modality, realism, indeterminacy of translation, inscrutability of reference, names and inflexible vacation spot, Davidson's software, that means and verification, purpose and conference, radical interpretation, tacit wisdom, metaphor, causal theories of semantics, items and standards of identification, theories of fact, strength and pragmatics, essentialism, demonstratives, reference and necessity, identification, which means and privateness of language, vagueness and the sorites paradox, holisms, propositional attitudes, analyticity.

The Phonology of Catalan (Phonology of the World's Languages)

This can be the main accomplished account of Catalan phonology ever released. Catalan is a Romance language, occupying a place someplace among French, Spanish, and Italian. it's the first language of six and a part million humans within the northeastern Spain and of the peoples of Andorra, French Catalonia, the Balearic Islands, and a small sector of Sardinia.

Геральдический словарь-атлас на 6 языках

Геральдический словарь, в котором представлены изображения и названия 530 геральдических фигур на 6 языках: французском, английском, немецком, испанском, итальянском, голландском.

Additional info for Introducing Arguments

Sample text

Heavy verb The nurse medicated the patient. b. Light verb The nurse gave the patient his medication. (51) a. Heavy verb John looked at the boy. b. Light verb John took a look at the boy. (52) a. Heavy verb John swept the floor. b. Light verb John gave the floor a sweep. It can be shown that the ability of a depictive to modify an indirect object is restricted to light verb constructions. This can be illustrated clearly for (48b) since—medication being a plausible object of transfer—it is ambiguous between a light and a heavy reading.

Thus, depictive secondary predication is an applicative diagnostic. 1 The Syntax and Semantics of Depictives A depictive secondary predicate describes a state that one of the arguments of the verb is in during the event described by the verb. This state can be predicated of either an internal or an external argument, although if the external argument is implicit, as in a passive, it cannot be modified by a depictive. Also, a depictive generally cannot access a DP inside a PP. Finally, as noted above, a depictive cannot be predicated of an indirect object.

1 Applicative diagnostics Test High applicatives Low applicatives 1. Can unergatives be applicativized? Yes No 2. Can static verbs be applicativized? Yes No 3. If the language has a depictive secondary predicate with the English distribution, is the applied argument available for depictive modification? Yes No c. Depictive cannot modify implicit external argument *Keku u poq i lodhur. ’ d. Depictive can modify DP inside PP Drita poqi per Agimin e lodhur. ’ Unsurprisingly, Albanian depictives can also modify high applied arguments, but since they can also modify the PP version of the high applicative as in (46e), the test is irrelevant.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.98 of 5 – based on 43 votes