By Gerald S. Pollack, Andrew C. Mason, Arthur N Popper, Richard R. Fay (eds.)
Insect listening to offers a extensively dependent view of the features, mechanisms, and evolution of listening to in bugs. With a unmarried exception, the chapters specialize in difficulties of listening to and their options, instead of being desirous about specific taxa. The exception, listening to in Drosophila, is justified simply because, as a result of its ever growing to be toolbox of genetic and optical concepts, Drosophila is quickly changing into some of the most very important version platforms in neurobiology, together with the neurobiology of listening to. Auditory structures, no matter if insectan or vertebrate, needs to practice a few simple projects: shooting mechanical stimuli and transducing those into neural job, representing the timing and frequency of sound indications, distinguishing among behaviorally correct indications and different sounds and localizing sound resources. learning how those are finished in bugs deals a worthwhile comparative view that is helping to bare normal ideas of auditory function.
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Extra resources for Insect Hearing
1 Ultrasound Sensitivity: Insect–Bat Coevolution Tympanate insects include Mantodea, Orthoptera (Ensifera and Caelifera), Hemiptera (Corixidae and Cicadidae), Neuroptera (Chrysopidae; lacewings), Diptera (Sarcophagidae, Tachinidae), Coleoptera (Cicindellidae, Scarabaeidae), and Lepidoptera (8 superfamilies). It is noteworthy that in 4 of these orders (Mantodea, Neuroptera, Coleoptera, Lepidoptera), comprising no fewer than 14 independent origins, tympanal hearing is specifically sensitive to ultrasound frequencies (Hoy 1992).
The critical question is whether reduced hybrid viability can “reinforce” signal and preference differences while the populations still overlap in sympatry to the extent that fully separated species eventually form. Recent models show that the process of reinforcement as described previously in this section is theoretically possible (Kelly and Noor 1996; Noor 1999; OrtizBarrientos et al. 2004), and various examples where sympatric speciation via reinforcement is likely to have occurred are proposed (Servedio and Noor 2003).
On the other hand, the Lepidoptera offer more possibilities for evolutionary inference because sound signaling has originated multiple times, and it exists in diverse formats ranging from simple courtship conducted at very close range to long-range advertisement. In the nocturnal Lepidoptera, sound signaling is invariably associated at some level with bats and their ultrasound echolocation signals (Greenfield 2014b). Many species of noctuoid moths emit ultrasound signals that either jam bat echolocation systems or warn bats about the insect’s chemical noxiousness (Conner 2014).