Download Innovation and Employment: Process Versus Product Innovation by Charles Edquist PDF

By Charles Edquist

Which types of development result in elevated employment and which don't? this can be one of many questions that this crucial quantity makes an attempt to respond to. The publication explores the complicated relationships among innovation, development and employment which are important for either learn into, and coverage for, the production of jobs. Politicians claiming that extra swift development could treatment unemployment don't often specify what sort of progress is intended. Is it, for instance, fiscal (GDP) or productiveness progress? transforming into trouble over ‘jobless progress’ calls for either policymakers and researchers to make such differences, and to explain their employment implications. The authors first and foremost handle their theoretical method of, and conceptualization of, innovation and employment, the place the excellence among method and product strategies and among high-tech and low-tech items and providers are imperative. They cross directly to deal with the connection among innovation and employment, utilizing empirical fabric to research the results that other forms of concepts have upon task construction and destruction. ultimately, the amount summarizes the findings and addresses conclusions in addition to coverage implications. This ebook might be of serious curiosity to these inquisitive about learn and coverage within the fields of macroeconomics (economic progress and employment), commercial economics and innovation.

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Additional resources for Innovation and Employment: Process Versus Product Innovation (Elgar Monographs)

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1, which shows that Denmark is the exception. The growth of employment in both FIRB and CSPS has been attributed primarily to increased demand, and productivity growth in general has had a negative impact on employment growth (Sakurai, Ionnidis and Papaconstantinou, 1996). However, the specific contribution of technological change to productivity growth in the service industries has remained difficult to establish. Due to ‘measurement difficulties’, existing research has only been able to establish an ‘erratic’ connection between new process technology and employment in services (Brynjolfsson, 1991).

Usually, therefore, new process technologies increase labour productivity and potentially reduce employment in the firm, country, sector or region where they are introduced. Hence the ‘immediate’ effect on employment is negative. However, second- and third-order consequences may partly offset the immediate effect - or even (more than) balance it, at least in principle. Hypothesis 1 The labour-saving effects of technological process innovations vary widely between sectors - in manufacturing as well as in service production.

354). At a lower level of aggregation, it is important to distinguish between process and product innovation. Here a process innovation leads to a shift in the production function, while a product innovation leads to a completely new production function. Later mainstream growth economists have, however, Innovations and employment 25 seldom attempted to take product innovation into account, but have continued to focus on process innovation in the spirit of Solow. In this book, we argue that it is crucial to make a distinction between process and product innovation and to take both of them into account in analyses of growth and employment consequences of innovation.

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